Opole


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Opole

(ôpô`lĕ), Ger. Oppeln, city (1992 est. pop. 129,000), capital of Opolskie prov., S Poland, on the Oder River. A river port and rail junction, it is also an important trade center, with manufactures of cement, metals, and furniture. Originally a Slavic settlement, it was the seat (1163–1532) of the dukes of Opole of the PiastPiast
, 1st dynasty of Polish dukes and kings. Its name was derived from that of its legendary ancestor, a simple peasant. The first historic member, Duke Mieszko I (reigned 962–92), began the unification of Poland and introduced Christianity.
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 dynasty. The duchy passed (1532) to the house of Hapsburg and (1742) to Prussia and was incorporated into Poland in 1945. It was the capital (1919–45) of the Prussian province of Upper Silesia. In the city are the churches of St. Adalbert (10th cent.) and of the Holy Cross (14th cent.).

Opole

 

a city in southwestern Poland and the administrative center of Opole Województwo. Population, 90,000 (1972). It is a railroad and highway junction and a port on the Oder River. One of the city’s main industries, machine building, is represented by a railroad repair depot and factories producing electric motors and automotive parts. Other products include cement, foodstuffs, furniture, and knitwear. The city has a higher school of engineering and a pedagogical institute.

Opole was founded in the tenth century on the site of an unfortified settlement of the Slavic Opolanie tribe. It was originally a small fortification on an islet formed by the Oder and its branch, the Młynówka. In the early 13th century, when Opole became the capital of a Piast principality, the center of the city was transferred to the right bank of the Oder, and the prince’s castle was built on the site of the old fortification. During this period several stone buildings were constructed in Opole, and the city itself was enclosed by a stone wall. Under Hapsburg rule from 1532 to 1740 (with interruptions), the city was conquered by Prussia in 1740 and became part of Germany in 1871. On Jan. 24, 1945, the city, called Oppeln, was liberated from the fascist German troops by the Soviet army and was returned to Poland. Excavations in the oldest part of Opole, begun in 1948, have uncovered remains of wooden defense works and many small frame houses that had belonged to artisans and tradespeople.

REFERENCES

Holubowicz, W. Opole w wiekach X-XII. Katowice, 1956.
Dziewulski, W. “Miasto lokacyjne w Opolu w XIII-XV wieku.” Studia śląaskie, vol. 1. Katowice, 1958.
Hensel, W. Archeologia o począotkach miast siowiańskich. Wroclaw, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Supply of computer equipment for the university of opole in the framework contract (case no.
Contract award notice: Delivery Server and computers for the purposes of EU projects implemented by the Opole Centre for Economic Development.
Contract notice: Performing services in the field of forest management in the forest district opole in the years 2016-2018.
Contract award: delivery of parts and accessories for motor vehicles kwp official in opole - task no.
Pick of the contract will be made gradually in batches private transport ordering from a specified by the contractor point in the administrative boundaries of the city of Opole or contractor deliver the parts ordered three days of the notification sent by the contracting authority by fax to the contractor, the address of the Faculty of Transport Police in Opole ul.
Pick of the contract will be made successively parties own transportation Employer from the indicated by the contractor point in the administrative boundaries of the city of Opole or contractor deliver the parts ordered three days of the notification sent by the Purchaser by fax to the contractor, the address of the Faculty of Transport Police in Opole ul.
Contract notice: Service organizations monitoring the implementation of exit pupil practices in germany as part of the project under the name opole vocational education closer to the labor market.
Contract notice: Emptying and holding baskets of street in the city of opole in 2016-2017.
construction of the bypass piast in opole stage i - from the street.
Contract notice: Delivery Server and computers for the purposes of EU projects implemented by the Opole Centre for Economic Development.
Contract award: Delivery and installation of solar systems for DHW heating in residential and public building in the municipality of Opole Lublin realized within the project "Sunny house in the village of Opole Lublin - the installation of flat solar collectors.