Opole


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Opole

(ôpô`lĕ), Ger. Oppeln, city (1992 est. pop. 129,000), capital of Opolskie prov., S Poland, on the Oder River. A river port and rail junction, it is also an important trade center, with manufactures of cement, metals, and furniture. Originally a Slavic settlement, it was the seat (1163–1532) of the dukes of Opole of the PiastPiast
, 1st dynasty of Polish dukes and kings. Its name was derived from that of its legendary ancestor, a simple peasant. The first historic member, Duke Mieszko I (reigned 962–92), began the unification of Poland and introduced Christianity.
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 dynasty. The duchy passed (1532) to the house of Hapsburg and (1742) to Prussia and was incorporated into Poland in 1945. It was the capital (1919–45) of the Prussian province of Upper Silesia. In the city are the churches of St. Adalbert (10th cent.) and of the Holy Cross (14th cent.).

Opole

 

a city in southwestern Poland and the administrative center of Opole Województwo. Population, 90,000 (1972). It is a railroad and highway junction and a port on the Oder River. One of the city’s main industries, machine building, is represented by a railroad repair depot and factories producing electric motors and automotive parts. Other products include cement, foodstuffs, furniture, and knitwear. The city has a higher school of engineering and a pedagogical institute.

Opole was founded in the tenth century on the site of an unfortified settlement of the Slavic Opolanie tribe. It was originally a small fortification on an islet formed by the Oder and its branch, the Młynówka. In the early 13th century, when Opole became the capital of a Piast principality, the center of the city was transferred to the right bank of the Oder, and the prince’s castle was built on the site of the old fortification. During this period several stone buildings were constructed in Opole, and the city itself was enclosed by a stone wall. Under Hapsburg rule from 1532 to 1740 (with interruptions), the city was conquered by Prussia in 1740 and became part of Germany in 1871. On Jan. 24, 1945, the city, called Oppeln, was liberated from the fascist German troops by the Soviet army and was returned to Poland. Excavations in the oldest part of Opole, begun in 1948, have uncovered remains of wooden defense works and many small frame houses that had belonged to artisans and tradespeople.

REFERENCES

Holubowicz, W. Opole w wiekach X-XII. Katowice, 1956.
Dziewulski, W. “Miasto lokacyjne w Opolu w XIII-XV wieku.” Studia śląaskie, vol. 1. Katowice, 1958.
Hensel, W. Archeologia o począotkach miast siowiańskich. Wroclaw, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract award notice: Organization of a series of 6 festival of experiments and experiments "young explorers of secrets of science" at the exhibition and congress center in opole.
Warsaw/London: Fitch Ratings has assigned the Polish City of Opole a Long-Term Local-Currency Issuer Default Rating (IDR) of 'BBB-'.
M2 EQUITYBITES-September 24, 2014-Polaris opens first dedicated ORV manufacturing plant outside North America in Opole, Poland
Contract award notice: Emptying, Renting and maintenance of street baskets in the city of opole in 2018-2020 (
Contract award notice: "delivery of electronic equipment to public schools in the city of opole as part of projects entitled" young explorers of the secrets of science ao (.
Contract award notice: Reconstruction of 1 maja street on the section from rejtan street to katowicka street in the area of road lighting in opole.
Contract award notice: Delivery of active devices (switches, Cwdm systems, Routers) to support the local computer network of the university of opole and the municipal computer network in opole, As well as servers (.
Contract notice: Gradual delivery, installation and commissioning of computer equipment for various units of the University of Opole.
Contract notice: "The modernization of the educational facility of the University of Opole ul.
Contract notice: Insurance services in the years 2017 - 2018, the City of Opole along with organizational units with legal personality, listed below - Public Library them.
Contract notice: safe transport in Opole "in terms of : extension streets Niemodlin and Spychalski on the section from the street.
Contract award notice: kolejowa komunikacja zastepcza na odcinku opole glwne kluczbork opole glwne.