Oporto


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Oporto

(o͝opôr`tō), Port. Pôrto, city (1991 pop. 310,600), capital of Porto dist. and Douro Litoral, NW Portugal, near the mouth of the Douro River. It is Portugal's second largest city, after Lisbon, and an important Atlantic port. Its outer harbor is at LeixõesLeixões
, artificial seaport of Oporto, NW Portugal. Built in the late 19th cent, its chief export is port wine.
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. Oporto's most famous export is port wine, to which the city gives its name. Cork, fruits, olive oil, and building materials are also exported. Cotton, silk, and wool textiles are milled, wood and leather goods are made, and there are other manufactures.

The ancient settlement, probably of pre-Roman origin, was known as Cale and later as Portus Cale. Oporto was captured by the Moors in 716 and retaken in 1092. The centuries of war depopulated the town. Henry of BurgundyHenry of Burgundy,
d. 1112, count of Portugal. One of a group of French nobles called by Alfonso VI of León to assist in the fight against the Moors, he arrived in Spain c.1095.
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 secured the title of duke of Portucalense in the 11th cent., and Oporto thus gave its name to the state that became a kingdom. It was for some time the chief city, although not the capital, of little Portugal.

Wine exports increased after the Methuen Treaty (1703) with England. The creation by the marquês de Pombal of a wine monopoly brought the "tipplers' revolt" (1757) in Oporto. After the French conquest of Portugal in the Peninsular WarPeninsular War,
1808–14, fought by France against Great Britain, Portugal, Spanish regulars, and Spanish guerrillas in the Iberian Peninsula. Origin and Occupation
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, Oporto was the first city to revolt (1808). It was retaken by the French but liberated (1809) by Wellington. In 1832, in the Miguelist Wars, Dom Pedro I of Brazil long withstood a siege of the city by his brother, Dom Miguel. Oporto was later a center of republican thought, and in 1891 an abortive republican government was set up there.

The city's most conspicuous landmark is the Torre dos Clérigos, a baroque tower; also noteworthy are the Romanesque cathedral, the two-storied Dom Luis bridge across the Douro (1881–87), the Crystal Palace (1865), the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art (1999), and Rem KoolhaasKoolhaas, Rem
(Remmet Lucas Koolhaas), 1944–, Dutch architect, b. Rotterdam. He began his career as a journalist and screenwriter, moving to London in the late 1960s to study architecture.
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's celebrated Casa de Música (2005). Oporto is the site of a public university and several private institutions of higher education.

Oporto

 

an old Russian early-winter variety of apple. The fruit is very large (200–400 g, some up to one kg) and well-colored and has a pleasant tart winey flavor. The apples are used fresh, dried, frozen, and in jam. The variety is comparatively cold-resistant, rather hardy, and high-yielding (200–400 kg per tree). Oporto apples are grown all over the world; in the USSR they are grown in the RSFSR (Voronezh Oblast and the Northern Caucasus), the Kirghiz SSR, the Kazakh SSR, and the Ukraine. There are several types of Oporto apple, including bloodred Oporto, Aleksandr Oporto (Alma-Ata Oporto), and Kuban’ Oporto.

Oporto

a port in NW Portugal, near the mouth of the Douro River: the second largest city in Portugal, famous for port wine (begun in 1678). Pop.: 263 131 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, in 1911, the University of Oporto was created in Portugal.
"The roosting sites of this endangered bat species is scarce as there are only around nine recorded sites in the entire country," Oporto said.
We believe the introduction of Oporto, Mykonos and Santorini will prove very popular with holiday-makers looking for summer sun and the start of flights to Faro and Malaga from Heathrow, plus the increase in frequencies to a number of popular summer routes will give them even more choice.'
Pointpal and their mobile loyalty platform enable us to do this and we look forward to future innovations and offers for our customers in Australia,” said Jamie McKaughan, General Manager of Oporto.
From just pounds 1589pp Western Mediterranean Departing 29th April 2010 for 14 nights Visiting: Liverpool - Gibraltar - Alicante, Spain - Barcelona, Spain - Marseille, France - Malaga, Spain - Leixoes (Oporto), Portugal - Liverpool.
FERNANDO TORRES: from Britain to Spain, Spain to Iceland, Iceland to Spain, Spain to Britain, Liverpool to Portsmouth and now Liverpool to Oporto (4,500 miles).
It's all about education." With this in mind, port producers have thrown open the doors of their processing plants in Gaia, over the river from Oporto, for free conducted tours and tastings.
US Airways' code will be added on TAP domestic flights from Lisbon to Faro, Funchal and Oporto, as well on TAP flights operating between Lisbon and Newark and Oporto and Newark.
The extension of third generation (3G) and GPRS coverage to include all stations on the Oporto Metro's new Yellow Line (Line D), has been unveiled by Vodafone Portugal.
Evelyn Teage, a member of one of the "grand families of vinous history" died in 1957, leaving her estate to Britain on condition it served as its consul's permanent residence in Oporto.
Falkirk, meanwhile, will jet off for a four-day training camp in Oporto, Portugal the day after their Scottish Cup game against Clyde on January 8.