(redirected from Oporto, Portugal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


see OportoOporto
, Port. Pôrto, city (1991 pop. 310,600), capital of Porto dist. and Douro Litoral, NW Portugal, near the mouth of the Douro River. It is Portugal's second largest city, after Lisbon, and an important Atlantic port. Its outer harbor is at Leixões.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Portugal.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Oporto), a city in northern Portugal, off the Atlantic Ocean, near the mouth of the Douro River. The capital of Porto District and Douro Litoral Province, Porto is second only to Lisbon in size and economic importance. Population, 304,700 (1972; with the suburbs of Espinho, Gondomar, Maia, Matozinhos, Valongo, and Vila Nova de Gaia, about 500,000).

Porto is an important seaport and industrial and commercial center. Because the Douro River has sandbars at its mouth, the outer harbor of Leixoes was built along the Atlantic coast to service Porto. (In 1972 the harbor had a freight turnover of 5.7 million tons.) Porto’s principal industries include textiles (primarily cotton), machine building (ship-building and electrical engineering), and winemaking (primarily port wine, chiefly from Vila Nova de Gaia). The city also produces chemicals, glass, paper, cork, leather shoes, and clothing. There are fish canneries and small foundries and nonferrous metallurgical works. An oil refinery, producing 2 million tons of crude oil per year, is located in Matozinhos. Porto’s university was founded in 1911.

A Roman colony was established on the territory of present-day Porto in the first century B.C. Some distance from modern Porto, the Romans founded a settlement called Portus Cale (hence the name “Portugal”), which became the center of the city. At the end of the fifth century A.D., Porto came under the domination of the Suevi kings. It was controlled by the Visigoths from the sixth through the early eighth century and by the Arabs from the eighth to the tenth century. The city repeatedly changed hands during the Reconquista.

In 1095, Porto became the capital of the county of Portucalia. Since the 12th century it has been one of Portugal’s most important ports and a center for the wine industry. Porto was the center of a bourgeois revolution in 1820, the site of a republican uprising in 1891, and the site of an uprising against the military dictatorship in 1927.

Southeast of Porto is the old city, an area of narrow, winding streets lined with granite dwellings, many of which are faced with tiles. Noteworthy landmarks include a cathedral (1113–36, rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries) and numerous Gothic, Renaissance, and baroque buildings. Near the old city is the baroque church of dos Clerigos, whose tower (1732–63, architects N. Nazzoni and others) serves as a landmark for sailors. Since the 1920’s a new city has developed to the northwest. The Museu Nacional de Soares dos Reis, which houses European, including Portuguese, art, is located in Porto.


Marjay, F. P. Porto e seu distrito. Lisbon, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(3) Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care Department, Centro Materno Infantil do Norte-Centro Hospitalar Universitario do Porto, Oporto, Portugal
(5) ISPUP-EPI Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Oporto, Portugal
The aircraft will be used to grow its route network and route expansion, including direct routes to Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, Brazil, Lisbon and Oporto, Portugal and other European destinations.
The article provides a follow-up reflection on the meeting of Anglican primates in Oporto, Portugal, at the end of March.
Conventional wisdom still has it that Mr Simitis will win, but few doubt that the conservatives have a good chance and it may indeed be Mr Karamanlis who takes the applause as Greek Prime Minister at the EU's mid-year summit in Oporto, Portugal, on June 19 and 20.
The prize was awarded by reps of Europe's top five fantasy festivals -- Oporto, Portugal; Rome; Finland's EFFE; Brussels; and Sitges itself.
19 Kyodo Spain, Portugal and 19 Latin American countries urged Japan on Sunday to revive its bad loan-ridden banking system to help beat the global financial turbulence and prevent the world economy from sinking into a ''serious global recession.'' The 21 nations issued the appeal as a communique adopted at the Ibero-American Conference, where the heads of their governments met in Oporto, Portugal, at their eighth annual summit.
Furious secretary Katrina Casolini handed in her notice by attaching the letter to an arrow and shooting it through her boss's front door at his home in Oporto, Portugal.
The fire destroyed the stage catwalk and brought down part of the roof of the Coliseo theatre in Oporto, Portugal yesterday.
Known as 'the capital of cinema,' Oporto, Portugal, is classified as a Unesco World Heritage site.
The ESMAE Horn Ensemble premiered Heptafunk by Ricardo Matosinhos at the Casa da Musica in Oporto, Portugal. This piece for 12 horns presents several rhythmical challenges and a peculiar setting, as 8 horn players are actually playing and 4 of them are making different percussion sounds with their horns.