Oppidum

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Oppidum

 

in the period of the Roman Empire, a temporary city fortress surrounded by a moat and a rampart. The shape and layout of an oppidum depended on the terrain in which it was located. A Celtic fortress of the second and first centuries B.C. with stone walls and a rectangular plan was also called an oppidum.

REFERENCE

Haverfield, F. Ancient Town Planning. Oxford, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eesti ajaloo kursuse muinasaja opitulemustes puudub oskus oppida minevikust, kull aga on see kirjas gumnaasiumi opitulemustes.
Their topics include environmental and cultural factors in the development of the Chalcolithic fortification in Bulgaria, Pharaoh's mighty walls: Egypt's fortification system in the third and second millennium BC, protecting civilization: cosmological and ideological concepts behind city walls in Assyria, agency in architectural choice: the Heunenburg Hillfort as monument and metaphor, and the purpose of Gallic oppida ramparts: a reappraisal.
'Who fixed this car, according to Martin?'; Mdn = 5, IQR = 1) was preferred to the one featuring the adverb kuuldavasti 'as they say' (Mida Anne kuuldavasti oppida kavatseb?
Polnud avalikku ruumi, kus maarahvas saanuks iseseisvalt otsustada: kuidas ja mis pohjustel pidutseda, missuguseid muusikapalu oppida ja milliseid koorilaule harjutada; polnud ruumi, kus oleksid voimalused naitemangudeks ja proovideks, loengute ja naituste korraldamiseks, lugemistubadeks voi raamatukogudeks jm.
The first of these is from the Ars Poetica, and is quoted by Venegas in the original Latin: "Fuit haec sapientia quondam / Publica priuatis, secernere sacra profanis, / Concubitu prohibere vago, dare iura maritis / Oppida moliri, leges incidere ligno, / Sic honor & nomen diuinis vatibus atque; / Carminibus venit, &c." (n.