Oppidum

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Oppidum

 

in the period of the Roman Empire, a temporary city fortress surrounded by a moat and a rampart. The shape and layout of an oppidum depended on the terrain in which it was located. A Celtic fortress of the second and first centuries B.C. with stone walls and a rectangular plan was also called an oppidum.

REFERENCE

Haverfield, F. Ancient Town Planning. Oxford, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
For Salac, opening the section on modelling settlement complexity, Iron Age settlement dynamics are manifestations of cyclical processes of urbanisation; within this model, oppida are seen as dead ends rather than the only, and final, outcome.
Viimase probleemiasetuse mastaapsusest ja uhiskonnast mitteirduvast ideemaailma kasitlusest oli mondagi oppida.
The impressive rococo cartouche in the upper left corner is entitled: "Magna mappa geographica Borussiae regnum exact exhibens, in qua non tantum limites correcti sed etiam principaliora loca, civitates, oppida & praefecturae omni studio designata sund".
Seega tegelevad molemad valdkonnad inimesega ja nende eesmark on uks: oppida tundma teda ning tema poolt loodud uhiskonda.
MILLWALL, the club United beat in the 2004 FA Cup final, have a new shirt sponsor deal worth pounds 150,000 a season with property firm Oppida.
Luis de Paramo, De origine et progressv officii sanctae inquisitionis (Madrid: ex Typographia Regia: apud Ioannum Flandrum, 1598), preface: "ab haereticas pestes Oficii Sancti ferrum, et ignem admouerint eos silentio praetermittere noluimus, nec quidem regna, Respublicas, nationes, regiones, oppida, et urbae quae, vel salubri hoc remedio ad repellendum morbum tam periculosum usae sint, vel in sui pernicem illud reciecerint.
lt;/p> <pre> Si mihi susceptum fuerit decurrere munus, O Paphon, o sedes quae colis Idalias, Troius Aeneas Romana per oppida digno Iam tandem ut tecum carmine vectus eat,.
Talibus obstupuit dictis, rex atque patenti Nulla dedit responsa viro; sed voce superba Tandem est affatus: "Vestro capta oppida regi Non animus nobis nec reddere dona quotannis.
Most commonly, however, Caesar refers to settlement organization in a hierarchical expression: oppida, vici, and aedificia (commonly translated as either private buildings or country estates), suggesting a three-tiered system of settlement.
He discusses socio-economic effects, such as the decline of the oppida, as well as the complex issues of identity and perception which arose as a result of Roman rule.
Archaeological work at various oppida spans nearly a century, but only recenlty have scientists begun to understand why these urban centers emerged between about 150 and 50 B.
The Late La Tene period saw the re-emergence of central places, in the form of oppida rather than hillforts, and Chapter 6--the longest in the book--examines their role in the construction of collective identities in the second to first centuries BC.