Oppidum


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Oppidum

 

in the period of the Roman Empire, a temporary city fortress surrounded by a moat and a rampart. The shape and layout of an oppidum depended on the terrain in which it was located. A Celtic fortress of the second and first centuries B.C. with stone walls and a rectangular plan was also called an oppidum.

REFERENCE

Haverfield, F. Ancient Town Planning. Oxford, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
3: principio ueris exercitum in Carpetaniam duxit, et castra locauit ad oppidum Aeburam, modicopraesidio in urbeposito; Richardson, J.
Location of works, place of delivery supplies or performance: Oppidum Ensrune 34440 Nissan-lez-Enserune
Caesar now tried to goad Vercingetorix into open battle by laying siege to one oppidum after another, massacring or enslaving their inhabitants when they fell.
Itaque quod tu dictus de Franciscum Joannem Rey et aliusnemo dicta nostra mera et libera voluntate durante sis et esse debeas Prothomedicus et visitator regius praefata nostra civitati et regni Valentia et omnium civitatum, villarum et oppidum illique ipsumus officium teneas, regas et excerceas fideliter, legaliter atque bene medicos, chirargos et pharmacolopas civitatis et Regne Valentiae et res ad illorum exercitium pertinentes, et spectantes visitando, recognoscendo ac praetia medicamentorum, taxando et moderando aliaque omnia et singula faciendo et libere exercendo quod ad dictum officium eiusque plenum usum et exercitium pertinere quoiusmodo digno seantur.
Este arqueologo acredita ser possivel lancar a hipotese de que cada cidade interiorana da Berberia Ocidental (a colonizacao feniciopunica tendo a caracteristica de se restringir a costa), antes de ser romanizada, foi um centro nevralgico ou um oppidum de um grupo indigena berbere.
Some of the notable recent works on the History of Paris are: the twenty-one volumes of the Nouvelle histoire de Paris, which extends from Paul-Marie Duval, De Lutece oppidum a Paris capitale de la France (Paris, 1993) to Jean Bastie, Paris de 1945 a 2000 (Paris, 2000); Alfred Fierro, Histoire et dictionnaire de Paris (Paris, 1996); Bernard Marchand, Paris, histoire d'une ville, XIXe-XX siecle (Paris, 1993); Johannes Willms, Paris: Capital of Europe: From the Revolution to the Belle Epoque (New York, 2002); Patrice Higonnet, Paris: Capital of the World (Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, 2002); Philip Mansell, Paris Between Empires, 1814-1852: Monarchy and Revolution (London, 2001).
Postridie eius diei nave conducta, equisque in navem immissis, hora tertia pomeridiana, per eum fluvium, qui ex Rhodani Ararisque mixtione, Rhodani deinde, velut nobiliore nomine ad Volcos prisco nomine, nunc Avignon decurrit, ad oppidum Candrier, magna celeritate contendimus, relicta a sinistra Vienna; .
Main, the part-ruined L'Abbaye de Foncaude; above left, view from the Oppidum d'Enservne towards the pre-Roman hilltop settlement; above right, detail from the oldest cooperative in France
Fluctuabar adhuc, splendide princeps, circa Paphum oppidum tuum, Veneris infauste describens illecebras, cum ecce, quasi Eoli carcere fracto, omnes in pelagus prodeuntes sevire venti ceperunt, et in celum surgere fluctus impetu inpulsi maximo, eoque repellente, in profundum usque demergi Herebum.
In the dedicatory letter to Oppidum Batavorum, Smetius aptly describes his collection as "proverbiorum, apophthegmatum factorumque nostratium memorandonum collectio.
Caesar mentions two definite divisions of settlement: the oppidum, or town, and the vicus, a village or hamlet.