Oppidum


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Oppidum

 

in the period of the Roman Empire, a temporary city fortress surrounded by a moat and a rampart. The shape and layout of an oppidum depended on the terrain in which it was located. A Celtic fortress of the second and first centuries B.C. with stone walls and a rectangular plan was also called an oppidum.

REFERENCE

Haverfield, F. Ancient Town Planning. Oxford, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
Los sotiates estaban establecidos en al sur de la cuenca media del Garona y el oppidum Sotiatum se localiza en la actual poblacion de Sos (Lotet-Garonne).
(eds.): Los ultimos carpetanos: el "oppidum" de El Llano de la Horca (Santorcaz, Madrid).
Caesar now tried to goad Vercingetorix into open battle by laying siege to one oppidum after another, massacring or enslaving their inhabitants when they fell.
Postridie eius diei nave conducta, equisque in navem immissis, hora tertia pomeridiana, per eum fluvium, qui ex Rhodani Ararisque mixtione, Rhodani deinde, velut nobiliore nomine ad Volcos prisco nomine, nunc Avignon decurrit, ad oppidum Candrier, magna celeritate contendimus, relicta a sinistra Vienna; ...
Main, the part-ruined L'Abbaye de Foncaude; above left, view from the Oppidum d'Enservne towards the pre-Roman hilltop settlement; above right, detail from the oldest cooperative in France
In the dedicatory letter to Oppidum Batavorum, Smetius aptly describes his collection as "proverbiorum, apophthegmatum factorumque nostratium memorandonum collectio."
Caesar mentions two definite divisions of settlement: the oppidum, or town, and the vicus, a village or hamlet.
Tritium Magallum was a small town, and there is no reason to doubt, despite the enthusiasm of some scholars, that it was anything other than a mere oppidum stipendiarium prior to Vespasian's universal grant of Latin Rights to the Iberian provinces in A.D.
The narrow band of land claimed by the Kelheim oppidum stretches for nearly 2 miles along the base of a limestone plateau.
Contract notice: Restoration work of the archaeological site of the oppidum du verduron
As the speaker of parliament Pellegrini entered the limelight as the builder of controversial underground garages in the Bratislava Castle on the site of the former Celtic oppidum.