Abolitionism

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Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
An active opponent of slavery for fifty years, John Jay proposed abolition in 1775.
While roll-call data fail to provide a comprehensive listing of every Parliamentary opponent of slavery, the partial divisions do identify those MPs who perhaps were most virulent in their opposition to the continuance of coercive West Indian labor practices.(11)
He is also a curious boy, a casual student, an opponent of slavery, and a defender of science.
He was an opponent of slavery and freed his own slaves in his will, but did not favor emancipation of slaves by the state.
Senate, where he served from 1851 until his death, he was an outspoken opponent of slavery. In 1856 he delivered a speech, later known as " The Crime against Kansas, " in which he denounced several proslavery senators, including Andrew Butler of South Carolina.
(455) Gerrit Smith, a very wealthy opponent of slavery who had been supporting Douglass's newspaper, was one of the Liberty men who moved into the new party.
Narrator C: The month after Lincoln--an opponent of slavery from Illinois--was elected, South Carolina seceded from the Union.
She was another vehement opponent of slavery and in 1853 she welcomed to The Farm Harriet Beecher Stowe, the author of the anti-slavery book Uncle Tom's Cabin.
"He was also a leading Welsh opponent of slavery and was hostile to the fact that his brothers lived on sugar plantations in Jamaica and had slaves," added Professor Prys Morgan, who is president of the Cymmrodorion London-Welsh Society.
''He has been described as a poet of the poor, an advocate for political and social change and an opponent of slavery, pomposity and greed all causes very much supported by the United Nations.
Another famous John Brown was an American opponent of slavery who launched a historic raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859.