opposite

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opposite

1. Botany
a. (of leaves, flowers, etc.) arranged in pairs on either side of the stem
b. (of parts of a flower) arranged opposite the middle of another part
2. Maths
a. (of two vertices or sides in an even-sided polygon) separated by the same number of vertices or sides in both a clockwise and anticlockwise direction
b. (of a side in a triangle) facing a specified angle
3. Maths the side facing a specified angle in a right-angled triangle

Opposite

 

one of the two “conflicting” aspects of a concrete unity that constitute the two sides of a contradiction. Opposites are classified as external or internal. External opposites appear as the poles of a contradiction that presuppose and simultaneously exclude one another and yet exist relatively independently, for example, the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. Internal opposites negate each other but nonetheless exist with mutual penetration, for instance, the social nature of production and the private capitalist mode of appropriation.

opposite

[′äp·ə·zət]
(botany)
Located side by side.
Of leaves, being in pairs on an axis with each member separated from the other of the pair by half the circumference of the axis.
References in classic literature ?
It is a universal rule that each of a pair of opposites of this type has reference to that to which the particular 'positive' is natural.
The hours passed -- and there was the house opposite still shut up, still void of any signs of human existence inside or out.
Meantime, the sun shone fierce and bright upon the polished arms of the knights of either side, who crowded the opposite extremities of the lists, and held eager conference together concerning the best mode of arranging their line of battle, and supporting the conflict.
I fired until my rifle was empty and they were almost upon me, and then a glance showing me that Dejah Thoris and Sola had disappeared among the hills, I sprang up, throwing down my useless gun, and started away in the direction opposite to that taken by Sola and her charge.
To Meriem, however, it presented but a place denuded of large trees which she must cross quickly to regain the jungle upon the opposite side before Malbihn should have landed.
The carriage stopped near the Meta Sudans; the door was opened, and the young men, eagerly alighting, found themselves opposite a cicerone, who appeared to have sprung up from the ground, so unexpected was his appearance.
On the opposite side they beheld a party of thirty-one savages, which they soon ascertained to be Blackfeet.
They sat down opposite each other in the old places, and Arthur said, "I'm going away, Adam; I'm going into the army.
On the morning of the 31st of May, as the travellers were breakfasting on the right bank of the river, the usual alarm was given, but with more reason, as two Indians actually made their appearance on a bluff on the opposite or northern side, and harangued them in a loud voice.
He has been kicking the furniture about in all the other rooms; I have locked myself in my study, opposite that cafe.
It was several seconds before the sounds upon the opposite side of the partition jolted my slowly returning faculties into a realization of their probable import, and then of a sudden I grasped the fact that they were caused by Tars Tarkas in what was evidently a desperate struggle with wild beasts or savage men.
Much in the same manner ought that oligarchy to be established which is next in order: but as to that which is most opposite to a pure democracy, and approaches nearest to a dynasty and a tyranny, as it is of all others the worst, so it requires the greatest care and caution to preserve it: for as bodies of sound and healthy constitutions and ships which are well manned and well found for sailing can bear many injuries without perishing, while a diseased body or a leaky ship with an indifferent crew cannot support the [1321a] least shock; so the worst-established governments want most looking after.