anti-Vietnam War movement

(redirected from Opposition to the Vietnam War)
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anti–Vietnam War movement,

domestic and international reaction (1965–73) in opposition to U.S. policy during the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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. During the four years following passage of the Tonkin Gulf resolutionTonkin Gulf resolution,
in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia. On Aug. 4, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked without provocation U.S.
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 (Aug., 1964), which authorized U.S. military action in Southeast Asia, the American air war intensified and troop levels climbed to over 500,000. Opposition to the war grew as television and press coverage graphically showed the suffering of both civilians and conscripts. In 1965 demonstrations in New York City attracted 25,000 marchers; within two years similar demonstrations drew several hundred thousand participants in Washington, D.C., London, and other European capitals. Most of the demonstrations were peaceful, though acts of civil disobedience—intended to provoke arrest—were common. Much of the impetus for the antiwar protests came from college students. Objections to the military draft led some protesters to burn their draft cards and to refuse to obey induction notices. By 1967 the Students for a Democratic SocietyStudents for a Democratic Society
(SDS), in U.S. history, a radical student organization of the 1960s. In the influential Port Huron (Mich.) Statement (1962), the organization, founded in 1960, presented its vision for post–Vietnam War America and called for students to
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 (SDS) invoked the language of revolution in its denunciations of the war in Vietnam as an inevitable consequence of American imperialism. There was also a more moderate opposition to the war from clergy, elected politicians, and people such as Dr. Benjamin Spock. In 1968, President Johnson, who was challenged by two antiwar candidates within his own party for the presidential nomination, Senators Eugene McCarthy and Robert Kennedy, chose not to run. The election of Richard Nixon in 1968 and his reduction in U.S. ground forces did little to dampen the antiwar movement. His decision to invade Cambodia in 1970 led to massive demonstrations on college campuses, most tragically at Kent State Univ.Kent State University,
mainly at Kent, Ohio; coeducational; founded 1910 as a normal school, became Kent State College in 1929, gained university status in 1935. The university's academic programs and research facilities include the Center for Applied Conflict Management, the
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 where four people were killed by members of the Ohio National Guard. The legacy and meaning of the massive protests against the Vietnam War are still debated.

Bibliography

See T. Gitlin, The Sixties (1989); M. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945–1990 (1991); A. Garfinkle, Telltale Hearts (1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
At the same time, his vocal opposition to the Vietnam War was turning away some former allies, and a younger generation of civil rights activists treated his message of nonviolence as out of touch.
Popular for his crusade for civil rights and opposition to the Vietnam War, he was urged to seek the US presidency in 1968.
Because there was no Senate race in Oregon in 1970, he persuaded me to run for governor - both to keep his campaign staff together and to allow me to use that race to express opposition to the Vietnam war.
Mass opposition to the Vietnam War proved less susceptible to partisanship than the post-9/11 movement--recall the popular chant "Hey, Hey, LBJ: How Many Kids Did You Kill Today?
For me his rightwards shift after his opposition to the Vietnam War and active support for CND was quite shocking.
His perfect life shatters when his daughter becomes radicalised and plants a bomb in opposition to the Vietnam War.
Once and for all, King resolved to break with President Johnson and proclaim his unequivocal opposition to the Vietnam War.
Ali's lawyers appealed his case all the way to the Supreme Court, claiming that his religious opposition to the Vietnam War, based on the teaching of the Nation of Islam, should qualify him for conscientious objector status.
Supreme Court debates the conscientious-objector status of boxer Muhammad Ali, who was stripped of his heavyweight title and banned from the sport for refusing to be drafted based on his religious opposition to the Vietnam War.
Jane Fonda's passionate opposition to the Vietnam War in the 1970s turned her into an activist.
Debs for opposing World War I, the Kent State shootings and opposition to the Vietnam War, and the immigration status of alleged Nazi war criminal John Demjanjuk.
McGovern's passions ranged from opposition to the Vietnam War to advocating for nutrition programs for the hungry in this country and abroad.