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(sô`pôt), Ger. Zoppot, city (1993 est. pop. 45,400), Pomorskie prov., N Poland, on the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Danzig. A seaside resort and tourist center, it had a fashionable gambling casino before World War II. Sopot belonged to the city of Danzig (now Gdańsk) from 1283 to 1807. It passed to Prussia in 1814. Included in the Free City of Danzig in 1919, it was ceded to Poland in 1945. Sopot has schools of economics and music and several theaters.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Poland, in Gdańsk Województwo; situated on the Gulf of Gdańsk of the Baltic Sea. With the cities of Gdynia and Gdansk, part of the conurbation Trójmiasto (Tri-city). Population, 50,700 (1974).

Sopot has machine-building, leather, and food-processing industries. Three faculties of the University of Gdańsk are located in the city.

Sopot is a seaside climatic health resort. Summers are warm, with an average July temperature of 18°C, and winters are very mild, with an average February temperature of – 1.5°C. Annual precipitation totals 650 mm. Therapeutic remedies include aer-otherapeutics, heliotherapy, sea bathing (from mid-June until early September), and peat and mud cures. Sopot has a sandy beach, measuring more than 3 km in length and approximately 200 m in width. Persons with disorders of the musculoskeletal system and the peripheral nervous system, gynecologic disorders, and anemia are treated. Sopot has sanatoriums, water- and mud-treatment facilities, houses of rest, resort inns, and hotels. The International Festival of Popular Songs is held in the city.


Krzyżanowski, L. Gdańsk-Sopot-Gdynia. Warsaw, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.