The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a device that consists of a light-emitter and a photodetector that are optically coupled and are placed in a common envelope. Sometimes a light-emitter-photodetector pair with any kind of optical or electrical coupling is called an optron. Optrons are used to connect various components of electronic equipment, mainly in computers, meters, and automation equipment, where they provide electrical insulation of the components (as in a transformer). They are also used for contactless control of electric circuits, similar to a relay. The development of optrons began in the 1960’s.

In the emitter of an optron, the electric input signal is converted into a light signal and is transmitted through an optical channel to the photodetector (Figure 1), where it is converted back into an electrical signal. Semiconductor light-emitting diodes are usually used as light emitters, and the intermediate medium of the optical channel may be optical cement or glass, a fiber light guide, or air. Devices used as the photodetector include photodiodes, photoresistors, phototransistors, and photothyristors. The type of photodetector determines the output characteristics of the optron. The output signals of the optron are fed into amplifiers and photodetector converters, usually designed as integrated circuits. Such an assembly is called an optron integrated circuit.

The main properties of optrons are virtually complete electrical insulation of the input and output circuits, high electric strength (104-105 volts), unidirectional flow of information, the absence of back reaction from the photodetector to the emitter, a wide pass band (beginning from direct current), long service life, and small size and weight.


Svechnikov, S. V. Elementy optoelektroniki. Moscow, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The outer mold surface was heated by two infrared heaters (Optron GmbH, 2 kW maximum power each, Garbsen, Germany) and cooled by compressed air.
Proyectos E Ingenieria Textil, Masias Maquinaria, Motocono, Optron Ingenieria, Pinter Caipo, Ratera, Rius - Construcciones, MetalArgicas Especiales, Tacome and Twistechnology (Frimal Trading).
The Optron i-Stick desktop video magnifier has a color camera and can be used with a laptop computer or a computer monitor.
* The speedup in a server, based on AMD Optron D250 dual processor, is approximately 25 for Gauss Jordon and 107 for Gaussian elimination.
The basic features of laptop-compatible CCTVs were evident in all four products evaluated in the three-part AccessWorld series, "' Is This for Here or to Go': A Series on Laptop-Compatible CCTVs": the PC Mate from Clarity, the ClearNote from Optelec, the MLS Student Addition from Low Vision International, and the i-Stick from OPTRON Assistive Technologies (see Huffman, 2007a, 2007b, 2007c).
Shirley Hutchinson from The Institute of Chartered Accountants, England & Wales; Malcolm Bruce MP, Liberal Democrat's Shadow Trade Secretary; James Watkins, executive director, The West Midlands Business Council; Jane Yardley, Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators; Mike Cherry, Federation of Small Businesses; Charlotte Ritchie, Birmingham Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Pravin Chauhan, National Federation of Retail Newsagents; Frank Mills, British Telecom; Parminder Singh, district president for the National Federation of Retail Newsagents, West Midlands district; Terri Bruce, BND Tax; John Cope, Optron Ltd; Sue Braithwaite, Beechwood