Opus Dei


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Opus Dei

(ō`pəs dā`ē) [Lat.,=work of God], Roman Catholic organization, particularly influential in Spain, officially the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei. Opus Dei was founded in 1928 by a wealthy lawyer turned priest, José María Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás, who objected to the liberal, secular atmosphere at the Univ. of Madrid. As a Catholic institution, it emphasizes that ordinary Christians can achieve holiness and change society for the better through how they live their everyday lives. Opus Dei gained national importance in Spain after the civil war, when it received support from goverment of Francisco FrancoFranco, Francisco
, 1892–1975, Spanish general and caudillo [leader]. He became a general at the age of 32 after commanding the Spanish Foreign Legion in Morocco.
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. In the 1950s and 60s it replaced the FalangeFalange
[Span.,=phalanx], Spanish political party, founded in 1933 as Falange Española by José António Primo de Rivera, son of the former Spanish dictator.
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 as the most important conservative political and religious force in Spain. Its influence there, however, has waned since the early 1970s.

Receiving increased support from the Vatican since the late 1970s, the organization has grown to more than 85,000 members in more than 80 countries. In 1950 the Vatican recognized it as a secular institute; in 1982 it was given the status of "personal prelature." Its membership is now, therefore, considered a separate diocese with its own bishop.

Believing that a Catholic can lead a holy life without taking religious vows, lay members pledge to serve God in worldly vocations; roughly a third of the members live communally and celibately in Opus Dei centers. The movement seeks to promote traditional Catholic values and teaching and to oppose liberalism and immorality, and is noted for its emphasis on preaching to government officials, professionals, intellectuals, and business executives. Opus Dei has been controversial among some Catholics because of its secretive nature, its emphasis on discipline, its conservatism, and its historical association with the Franco regime in Spain. This controversy became pronounced in 1992 when the Vatican, under John Paul II, beatified Escrivá; Escrivá was canonized in 2002.

Bibliography

See M. del C. Tapia, Beyond the Threshold (1997); J. L. Allen, Opus Dei (2005).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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Cummings of Opus Dei, reporting directly to Archbishop (later Cardinal) Maurice Otunga, who had been appointed coadjutor of the archdiocese.
Josemaria was a Roman Catholic priest from Spain who founded Opus Dei, an organization of laypeople and priests dedicated to the teaching that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity.
Como se recoge en el texto citando al filosofo Cornelio Fabro, no se trata simplemente de resolver el dilema entre libertad y obediencia, sino de ver a esta como una realizacion de aquella: <<La fuerza y originalidad con que el fundador del Opus Dei afirma este primado en el orden sobrenatural--concluye Fabro--, es quiza solo comparable a la fuerza y originalidad con que santo Tomas de Aquino habia afirmado este primado en el orden natural>> (p.
Opus Dei learned of the sexual misconduct from the woman in November 2002, according to the statement.
Opus Dei is a Catholic movement of clergy and lay people founded in 1928 by Fr.
As it turned out, Gilroy's visit to Rome was to prove a crucial moment in the early history of Opus Dei in Australia.
Claridad, sencillez y correccion atesoran estas paginas--mas de quinientas--sobre la historia de la primera academia y residencia del Opus Dei, que se leen sin solucion de continuidad.
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Opus Dei: An Archaeology of Duty is a bold and engaging book, opening up much fertile ground for future work.
Del Portillo succeeded Opus founder Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer as Opus Dei's leader.
I had just started to live the plan of life in Opus Dei in earnest, when he died suddenly, just 17 hours after he celebrated Mass at the Cenacle.
This article examines the education of women within the Opus Dei by focusing on the educational model used within the Montefalco (1) School for Women.