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(orä`dyä) or


(–mä`rĕ), Hung. Nagyvárad, Ger. Grosswardein, city (1990 pop. 228,956), W Romania, in Crişana-Maramureş, near the Hungarian border. It is the marketing and shipping center for a livestock and agricultural region. Oradea is also an important industrial city with manufactures of machinery, mining equipment, and chemicals. There are health resorts nearby. The city was made (1083) the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop by King Ladislaus I of Hungary. Destroyed (1241) by the Tatars, it was rebuilt in the 15th cent. Oradea was held by the Turks from 1660 to 1692. Hungary ceded it (1919) to Romania after World War I, but Hungarian forces occupied the city during World War II. About half the population is Magyar. Most of the city's architecture is baroque, dating from the reign of Maria Theresa.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in western Rumania, in the Central Danubian Lowland, in the Crişul-Repede River valley. Administrative center of Bihor District. Population, 144,600 (1972). Transportation junction.

Oradea has light industry (about one-third of the city’s gross industrial product, including footwear, fabrics, knitwear, and garments) and various types of food industry (more than one-fourth

Figure 1. Circuits and output characteristics of optrons with a photoresistor (a), photodiode (b), and photothyristor (c): (1) semiconductor light-emitting diode, (2) photoresistor, (3) photodiode, (4) photothyristor, (U) and (l) voltage and current in the output circuit of the optron. The dotted curves correspond to zero current in the input circuit; the solid curves correspond to two different values of the input current.

of the gross product). There are enterprises of nonferrous metallurgy (production of alumina), machine building (metal-working machine tools), the chemical industry (varnish, paint, and pharmaceuticals), and the furniture, printing, and building-materials industries. Oradea has a heat and electric power plant.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


an industrial city in NW Romania, in Transylvania: ceded by Hungary (1919). Pop.: 182 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
With Stable Outlooks, the affirmation reflects Fitch's unchanged view that Oradea's robust fiscal performance will allow the city to maintain a sound operating performance and strong debt ratios.
"Over the last 13 years, Celestica's operation in Oradea has become central to our global footprint and to driving flexibility, quality and greater value for our customers," said Rob Schormans, senior vice president, operations, Advanced Technology Solutions, Celestica.
At the beginning of the 30's, as measures to strengthen football in Oradea, the promotion of young players from Oradea occurred, but also, some valuable players were transferred from teams from the country.
Titan Machinery Inc (Nasdaq:TITN), an owner and operator of a network of full service agricultural and construction equipment stores announced on Thursday that it has opened a new Case IH agriculture equipment dealership in Oradea, Romania.
Tracy Reddy, missions co-ordinator at Destiny Church, explained: "In Oradea, a village environment has been created for orphans to grow up within a structured family.
Plexus, which already leases two smaller sites in Oradea, said those factories would be closed once the new plant comes online.
Now the ghost mall has been put up for sale at EUR35million, just over half the value of the outstanding loan, after MLS Proiect Oradea, the developer, went bankrupt.
Plexus said Oradea was chosen for its skilled labor pool and local universities that teach electronics manufacturing.
At end-2017, Oradea's direct debt was RON275.5 million (end-2016: RON358.7 million).
Romanian construction materials manufacturer AdePlast opened this week a EUR 3.2 million polystyrene factory in Oradea, western Romania.