Öraefajökull

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Öraefajökull

(ö`rīväyö'kütəl), mountain, Vatnajökull National Park, SE Iceland, rising from the VatnajökullVatnajökull
, glacier, c.3,150 sq mi (8,160 sq km), SE Iceland; largest glacier in Europe. At an elevation of from 4,200 to 6,100 ft (1,280–1,860 m), it covers a huge volcanic plateau, which includes the Grímsvötn caldera, Iceland's third largest and
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 glacier. Öraefajökull is an ice-covered, three-peaked volcano. The largest of its four recorded eruptions occurred in 1362; all have been destructive, owing to the devastating floods caused by melting ice. Its highest peak, Hvannadalshnúkur (6,950 ft/2,118 m), is also the highest point in Iceland.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Oraefajokull volcano, dormant since its last eruption in 1727-1728, has seen a recent rise in seismic activity and geothermal water leakage that has worried scientists.
Besides Mount Hekla, which is typically active every 10 years, scientists are also closely watching the Oraefajokull volcano and the massive Katla, both of which are under glaciers.
The most striking change through time is the decrease in area of cultivated land, a consequence of the progressive eastward encroachment of Skeioara, the main river debouching from Skeioararjokull, and also because of the jokulhlaups (glacial outburst floods) resulting from the eruptions of Oraefajokull in 1362 (Fig.
The party will trek through the less-travelled parts of the island, with 'the remote and magical Oraefajokull massif in the south east of the country the backdrop for the adventure'.
Anomalous strontium and lead isotope signatures in the off-rift Oraefajokull central volcano in South-east Iceland; evidence for enriched endmember(s) of the Iceland mantle plume?