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Oran (ôräNˈ), city (1998 pop. 692,516), capital of Oran prov., NW Algeria, a port on the Gulf of Oran of the Mediterranean Sea. One of the country's leading ports, it ships wheat, wine, alcohol, vegetables, meat, wool, cigarettes, and iron ore. The city, surrounded by vineyards and market gardens, is a commercial, industrial, and financial center. Oran is divided into a modern, French-style section and an old Spanish-type quarter with a casbah (fortress). Its frequently visited 18th-century mosque was bombed in 1995 by Islamist militants who objected to the adoration of saints, a practice forbidden by Islam.

The site of modern Oran has been inhabited since prehistoric times, but the city's founding is generally attributed to Moorish Andalusian traders in the 10th cent. Oran's subsequent prosperity, based on commerce, was interrupted when the Moors began to engage in piracy, thus provoking reprisals from Spain. Spanish forces captured and fortified the city in 1509 and held it until the Turks arrived in 1708. Spain recovered Oran in 1732. The city was successfully besieged (1791) by the district governor of Mascara and was made a provincial capital of the Ottoman Empire.

French troops captured Oran in 1831 and began to develop it as a naval base, along with nearby Mers-el-Kebir. The building of the port and the construction of railroads linking Oran with the interior made the city the economic capital of W Algeria in the late 19th cent. Oran, held by Vichy France during World War II, fell to the Allied forces in Nov., 1942. Civil strife ravaged the city in the late 1950s; the French terrorist OAS (Secret Army Organization) and the Algerian nationalist FLN (Front for National Liberation) perpetrated violence against civilians. There followed a general exodus of the European population, which had been the largest, proportionally, of any North African city. The city provided the setting for Albert Camus's novel The Plague.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in northwestern Algeria and capital of the Oran wilaya. Main industrial, commercial, and transportation center of Algeria’s northwest. Population, 440,000 (1970, including suburbs).

In 1971, Oran’s seaport handled 1,900,000 tons, including such goods for export as wine, early vegetables and fruits (mainly artichokes and oranges), and esparto grass. Oran is a major railroad and highway junction, and the La Senia Airport is nearby.

Oran has food-processing and metalworking plants and chemical enterprises, including a large superphosphate plant. It also has a steel-smelting and pipe-rolling mill. Industries include textiles and the production of glass, cement, and other construction materials. There is a thermoelectric power plant in the city. Local craftsmen make handmade leather footwear and woolen articles.

Oran has a university. The municipal museum displays archaeological, ethnographic, and zoological materials. The Tlemcen Museum has a collection of Islamic art. Oran was founded in the tenth century.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a port in NW Algeria: the second largest city in the country; scene of the destruction by the British of most of the French fleet in the harbour in 1940 to prevent its capture by the Germans. Pop.: 744 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Open RAN

(OPEN Radio Access Network) Open RAN (two words) or ORAN refers to creating standard open interfaces between cellular network hardware and software. OpenRAN (one word) may refer to either of two Telecom Infra Project groups: OpenRAN project group (2G/3G/4G) or OpenRAN 5G NR.

O-RAN (with a dash) refers to the O-RAN Alliance, which publishes open specifications and software for RANs. See RAN.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Proudly serving Van Nuys and the region, Oran's Electric has been a trusted residential and commercial electrician since 2007.
Although parts of Oran offer nothing more than skyscrapers, there are older districts that make for truly interesting sightseeing.
The Oran tramway is 18.7 km long and features 32 stops located in the largest boroughs of the greater Oran region.
This spectacular new hotel allows us to showcase Le Meridien brand's contemporary lifestyle and sophisticated origins in the city of Oran and further underlines our commitment to continued expansion in the region.'
Summary: Algiers - The Moroccan taekwondo athletes won four gold medals at the 4th Senior Maghreb Taekwondo Championship, held on Friday and Saturday in Oran, Algeria.
Oran, 31 August: Argentinean Ambassador to Algeria Bibiana Jones declared to be for "a direct relation between businessmen of the two countries.
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-13 November 2006-REgenerist business software selected by Oran Group(C)1994-2006 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.m2.com
A FORMER top premiership footballer has revealed that the moving funeral of Omagh bomb victim Oran Doherty was the most unforgettable experience of his whole career.
The 55-year-old man on the flight to Lille, France, via Oran, Algeria, claimed that he was carrying a grenade which was in a box in his possession.