Orang Laut


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Orang Laut

 

(Malay, “people of the sea”), the collective name for tribal groups such as the Bajau, Illanuns, Suluks, Obians, Sekah, Pesukuan, and Barok, who live at the estuaries of rivers on the coasts of Kalimantan, Sumatra, Sulawesi, and other islands of the Malay Archipelago. Some Orang Laut move frequently from island to island; as a rule, they live in boats. They number about 120,000 (1970, estimate). They speak various languages that are close to Malay. Most of them retain tribal beliefs; some have adopted Islam. Their main occupation is fishing.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
While the orang laut disappeared, their counterparts, living in the interior, are known as the orang asli.
36) Colin Nicholas, The Orang Ash and the Contest for Resources: Indigenous Politics, Development and Identity in Peninsular Malaysia (Copenhagen: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, 2000), 101-2; for a scholarly overview of the Orang Asli and Orang Laut see Harper, "The Politics of the Forest in Colonial Malaya"