Orangemen


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Orangemen,

members of the Loyal Orange Institution, familiarly called the Orange Order, a Protestant Irish society founded and flourishing mainly in Ulster. It was established (1795) to maintain the Protestant ascendancy in Ireland in the face of the rising agitation for Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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. Its name is taken from the family name of King William III of England, who defeated King James II in the battle of the BoyneBoyne,
river, c.70 mi (110 km) long, rising in the Bog of Allen, Co. Kildare, E Republic of Ireland, and flowing NE through Co. Meath, past Trim, to the Irish Sea near Drogheda. Salmon is caught in the river.
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 in 1690. July 12, the anniversary of this victory, is the principal holiday of the order, on which the members wear orange-colored flowers and orange sashes and march in parades; parades passing through Catholic sections of Northern Irish cities have been a source of interreligious friction. Branches of the society have been formed in many parts of the English-speaking world.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Orangemen were surrounded by police and 50 Land Rovers outside the church.
A police spokesman, insisting the Orangemen had complied with the Parades Commission ruling, said, 'The Lodge members wanted to travel by vehicle to a nearby Presbyterian Church to lay a wreath but were prevented by an illegal protest.
During the church service at Drumcree, Rector the Rev John Pickering suggested the Orangemen got into dialogue with the Nationalist residents to try to solve the long-running dispute.
Meanwhile, buses carrying Orangemen back from parades were also reportedly stoned by crowds in Counties Antrim and Londonderry.
But their hard-line policy now appears to be at odds with Portadown Orangemen who've been holding months of secret talks in a desperate bid to get their annual Drumcree march down the Garvaghy Road on July 4.
A huge security operation was expected in north Belfast after nationalist residents failed in the High Court yesterday to overturn a Parades Commission decision to allow Orangemen to pass by the Ardoyne area.
The Orangemen have been banned from the area for a number of years after trouble flared as the marchers walked down the nationalist Garvaghy Road.
It worked, but the Orangemen were too far in front by then for Kansas to catch up, especially with the Jayhawks misfiring from near and far.
The province's First Minister, David Trimble, and Agriculture Minister Brid Rodgers urged people to avoid violent confrontation as Orangemen prepared for today's march, which is banned from going through the nationalist Garvaghy Road.
The Orangemen switched plans for their traditional parade from Edenderry, outside Belfast, to Ormeau Park, in support of Ballynafeigh Lodge which the Parades Commission banned from the mainly nationalist lower Ormeau Road.
Furthermore - though this is what no modern Orangemen would admit - the only Protestants in Ireland who for a long time enjoyed civil and religious liberty were those in communion with the Church of Ireland, the church state established by the dominant English.
Orangemen in north Antrim received two health and safety sessions this month as the marching season gets under way.