Gentileschi, Orazio

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Gentileschi, Orazio

(ōrä`tsēō jān'tēlĕs`kē), c.1562–c.1639, Tuscan painter, b. Pisa. His real surname was Lomi, but he adopted his uncle's name. He studied in Rome, where he was associated with Agostino Tassi in the decoration of palace interiors. Influenced by CaravaggioCaravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da
or Amerigi da Caravaggio
, 1571–1610, Italian painter. His surname, Caravaggio, came from his birthplace. After an apprenticeship in Milan, he arrived (1592) in Rome where he eventually became a retainer of Cardinal Francesco
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, Gentileschi developed a more softly luminous light and a cooler, more lyrical style. He also painted frescoes in Santa Maria Maggiore and in the Lateran. After spending several years in Genoa and in France, he settled in England (1626) at the invitation of Charles I. Gentileschi's principal works include The Annunciation (San Siro, Genoa); Flight into Egypt (Louvre); Sibyl (Hampton Court, England); and Moses Saved from the Waters (Prado). He also painted numerous portraits. Artemesia GentileschiGentileschi, Artemisia
, c.1597–c.1652, Tuscan painter, daughter and pupil of Orazio Gentileschi, b. Rome. She studied under Agostino Tassi, her father's collaborator, who was convicted of raping the teen-age Artemisia in 1612.
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 was his daughter.

Gentileschi, Orazio

 

(Lomi). Christened July 9, 1563, in Pisa; died Feb. 7, 1638, in London. Italian painter. Follower of Caravaggio.

Gentileschi worked in Florence, Rome, Genoa, Paris, and London (from 1626). His works were influenced stylistically by Caravaggio’s early works. They are characterized by lyrical contemplation, flexibility of composition, strong chiaroscuro, and a refinement of color, derived from a harmonic blending of lucent tones. His works include St. Cecilia (National Gallery, Rome), The Annunciation (1621-23, Galleria Sabauda, Turin), and The Lute Player (National Gallery of Art, Washington).

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Este personaje excepcional no solo fue marcado por la influencia de Caravaggio y de su padre, el pintor Orazio Lomi Gentileschi, sino tambien por la violacion que sufrio a los quince anos y por su estancia en la ciudad de Florencia, donde ingreso a la Academia de Dibujo.
La primera mujer reconocida en los anales de la pintura, Artemisia Lomi de Gentileschi (1597-1651) fue formada en un principio por su propio padre, Orazio Lomi el Gentileschi (1563-1646), el principal artista plastico de la Roma barroca del Seicentos que no estuvo influido por la escuela Bolonesa, discipulo indirecto de Caravaggio y uno de los pintores de la corte, defensor de la redondez de las formas y los tonos difusos ("David y Goliat", "La Anunciacion", "Descanso durante la huida a Egipto"), que definitivamente influyeron sobre su hija.
Eva Menzio y la propia Merlet recuerdan ademas la importancia de Orazio Lomi de Gentileschi en la vida de su hija, juzgandolo ambas por haber esperado cerca o poco mas de un ano antes de acusar al agresor de su honor y en cambio si presionar e insultar a Artemisia.