Orcagna


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Orcagna

(ōrkä`nyä) or

Arcagnolo

(ärkä`nyōlō), c.1308–1368, Florentine painter, sculptor, and architect, whose original name was Andrea di Cione. He was one of the leading artists of his day. According to Vasari, writing more than 200 years later, Orcagna studied sculpture under Andrea Pisano. In 1343 he enrolled in St. Luke's Guild as a painter. The only extant authenticated painting is his famous altarpiece in the Strozzi Chapel of Santa Maria Novella, Florence. It represents The Redeemer with the Madonna and Saints (1537). In his painting he reverted from a more naturalistic style to the Byzantine remote and monumental figural type. He usually worked in collaboration with his brothers Nardo, Jacopo, and Matteo di Cione. They were all strongly influenced by the naturalism of Giotto. Fragments of the Prophets by Orcagna and his assistants have come to light in Santa Maria Novella, as well as portions of his Triumph of Death, Last Judgment, and Hell in the Church of Santa Croce (1530s). In 1355 he was appointed chief architect of Orsanmichele in Florence, for which he executed an elaborate marble tabernacle depicting The Death and Assumption of the Virgin. In 1359 he became chief architect of the cathedral at Orvieto and designed a mosaic for the facade.

Orcagna

 

(Andrea di Cione). First mentioned in 1343 or 1344; died 1368 in Florence. Italian painter, sculptor, and architect. Representative of the Florentine school of the trecento.

Orcagna participated in building the cathedral of Orvieto from 1359 to 1362 and the cathedral of Florence in 1357 and from 1365 to 1367. In his sculpture and painting, which are strongly influenced by Giotto and Andrea Pisano, plastic clarity of representation is combined with Gothic features of refined ornamentation and enamel-like coloring. Examples are the surviving fragment of the fresco Triumph of Death in the church of Santa Croce in Florence (c. 1350) and the altarpiece in the Strozzi Chapel of Santa Maria Novella in Florence (1354–57).

The di Cione family included Orcagna’s brothers, the painters Nardo (died 1365 or 1366 in Florence) and Jacopo (mentioned between 1365 and 1398).

REFERENCES

Gronau, H. D. Andrea Orcagna und Nardo di Cione. Berlin, 1937.
Boskovits, M. “Orcagna in 1357 and in Other Times.” The Burlington Magazine, 1971, vol. 113, no. 818, pp. 239–51.

Orcagna

Andrea , original name Andrea di Cione. ?1308--68, Florentine painter, sculptor, and architect
References in classic literature ?
I have seen Andrea Orcagna, Taddeo Gaddi, Giottino, Stefano, Simone Memmi--men whose very colors I am not worthy to mix.
The famous Or San Michele Tabernacle in Florence, commissioned to Andrea Orcagna in 1352, correctly has been compared to the Roman shrines insofar as it houses a sacred object: not the effects or remains of a saint, but Bernardo Daddi's miracle-working image of the Madonna and Child that is visible through the broad arched opening on each of three sides of the shrine.
He published many of my books of photographs of sculpture, including those on Michelangelo, Bernini, Orcagna, Henry Moore, and Marino Marini.
A three-night break in Florence at the two-star Orcagna Hotel costs from pounds 128, flying from Prestwick on June 3.
260) and many verbal echoes of her poem, such as the civil guard shooting at the sky, the mention of the stone of Dante and Orcagna (11.
Once in Italy, "the work of Giotto, Orcagna, Lorenzetti, Taddeo Gaddi, the paintings leading up to and including Masaccio's are what have so far interested me most.
Other powerful, emotive panels include Giovanni di Paolo's Christ as the Man of Sorrows (1460-65) and the pair of panels by Orcagna, The Deposition (c.