Orchis


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Orchis

 

a genus of plants of the family Orchidaceae. The plants are perennial herbs with straight, usually leafy, stems. The tubers are entire in some species and palmately dissected in others. (In the latter case, the plants are sometimes classified in the genus Dactylorhiza.) The flowers are irregular and in spicate inflorescences. The perianth consists of six bracts: the central bract is usually three-lobed with a spur at the base, and three others or the remaining five are formed into a galea. The fruit is a capsule.

There are about 100 species, distributed in Eurasia (primarily in the temperate belt), in North Africa, on the Canary Islands, on Madeira Island, and in North America. The USSR has about 40 species. O. militaris, which has oval entire tubers and spicate inflorescences of pink or light violet flowers, grows in the forest zone along the edge of forests, in forest meadows, and in floodplain meadows. O. maculata, which has palmately dissected tubers, grows in boggy forests and meadows in the European USSR. O. mascula is found in the European USSR and the Caucasus.

The tubers of some species are used as food and are a source of salep (dried tubers), which is used to prepare a mucilaginous decoction for coating the digestive tract in the case of inflammation. The preparation is taken orally or by means of an enema. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals.

V. N. GLADKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aiton, Neotinea maculata (Desf.) Stearn., Ophrys fusca Link, Orchis papilionacea L., Serapias cordigera L.
###8###Dumlu-Erzurum###40o 04 N' ; 41o 21 E'###1811###Dactylorhiza spp., Orchis spp.
Er enghraifft mae tegeirian y pry copyn cynnar (Ophrys fuciflora; early spider orchid), tegeirian y gwer (Aceras anthropophorum; man orchid) a'r tegeirian ysblennydd (Orchis purpurea; lady orchid) i gyd yn tyfu ar laswelltiroedd sydd ar y garreg galch.
Epipactis atrorubens (#) S 1 (0.2) 2 (0.2) Epipactis helleborine (#) S Erucastrum gallicum 1 (0.1) Erysimum cheiranthoides R Festuca pratensis CSR 4 (0.4) Festuca rubra CSR 1 (0.1) Galium album Leucanthemum vulgare C/CSR Medicago lupulina R/SR Medicago sativa C/CSR Medicago x varia C/CSR Melilotus albus CR Orchis militaris (#) S/SR Orthilia secunda Pastinaca sativa 2 (0.2) Pilosella officinarum S/CSR 2 (0.2) Pilosella sp.
bushes of thorn and plum, wild peach trees, a sort of crab-pear, and apple, and dog roses" as well as "small forms" of iris, columbine, larkspur, orchis, anemones, cowslips, and polyanthus.
Several Mediterranean species in the genera Orchis (pictured is O.
It depending on orchis is Greek 1875 has paired the number of for testicle, testes in the flukes and the and sinos for posterior duration of their oriental); also part of its persistence.
INCI name: Water (and) glycerin (and) orchis mascula extract
When I awoke again, I was a baby-ape in Bornean forests, perched among fragrant trailers and fantastic orchis flowers ...
Unique fenced treatment species, such as Michigan lily (Lilium michiganense), showy orchis (Orchis spectabilis), and may-apple (Podophyllum peltatum) had a higher mean C than did unique browsed treatment species, which also included more non-natives.
The 19-year-old Albanian, who lives with his adoptive family in Maes yr Orchis, Morganstown, was found guilty of people trafficking for sexual exploitation by a jury yesterday.