Orchitis


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Related to Orchitis: mumps orchitis
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Orchitis

 

inflammation of the testis in man. Orchitis usually arises as a complication of an infectious disease, for example, parotitis, influenza, gonorrhea, and typhus, or as a consequence of testicular trauma; when an infectious disease is involved, orchititis is said to arise by a hematogenous route. Orchitis has an acute progression: the testis rapidly enlarges and becomes sensitive, and its surface becomes smooth as a result of exudation in the membranes. The body temperature rises. With hematogenous infection, the epididymis and the vas deferens remain unaltered. Within two to three weeks the symptoms of orchitis usually subside, although in a few cases suppuration and even necrosis of the testis are possible. Chronic orchitis proceeds slowly with few symptoms. Treatment involves rest and the use of analgesics, antibiotics, and a suspensory. When suppuration occurs, the the abscess is lanced. In prolonged, recurring cases of orchitis, the affected testis is removed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study included 18 benign testicular diseases, namely seven cases of testicular torsion, three cases of testicular infarction, two cases of traumatic hemorrhagic necrosis, two epidermoid cysts, two cases of acute mumps orchitis and three undescended testes.
Polyarteritis nodosa presenting as acute orchitis : a case report and review of the literature.
(Self-) palpation orchitis. J Gen Intern Med 1988; 3: 97.
No other complications like nerve injury, division of vas, genital oedema, orchitis, testicular atrophy, hydrocoele, aspiration pneumonia, urinary retention, or venous thrombosis were encountered.
A 56-year-old male patient presented with high grade fever and headache for a month associated with proximal myalgias, right ankle synovitis, and bilateral orchitis. His general examination was remarkable for the thickened right superficial temporal artery with scalp tenderness.
Postoperative complications include "hematoma or seroma development (2-13.6%), urinary retention or infection (0-2.6%), wound infection (0-1.8%), and orchitis (1-1.6%) [2, 4, 7-9]." Intraoperative vessel injury is within a range of .002-.8% [4].
HSP can also present with arthritis, gastrointestinal bleeding, and orchitis with symptoms of testicular pain and swelling in up to 20% of affected boys clinically [3-9], but there has been no pathologically proven IgA-associated vasculitis of the testicles documented even in patients with testicular pain.
The urological manifestations of PAN documented in the literature include ureteric stenosis and orchitis. [5,6] We present a case of systemic PAN involving the bladder in a man presenting with a bladder outlet obstruction due to a mass.
A public health expert Dr Wasim Khawaja from Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) said that the complications of dengue fever are depression, chronic fatigue, pneumonia, bone marrow failure, iritis, orchitis, and variety of neurological complications.
(22) In up to approximately 40% of cases, orchitis develops due to contiguous spread of infection; US findings include an enlarged, heterogeneous, and hyperemic testis.
Absence of vascularity is highly suggestive of infarction or abscess in contrast to testicular tumors or focal orchitis, which are usually hypervascular.