Orchomenos


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Orchomenos

 

an ancient city in Boeotia, central Greece. The site of Orchomenos was inhabited as early as the Neolithic. A palace and a royal tomb (about 2,000 B.C.) discovered there by H. Schliemann are attributed to the Mycenaean period. Greek tradition ascribes the tomb to King Minos, and therefore the city is sometimes called Minoan Orchomenos. During this period, Orchomenos controlled almost all of western Boeotia. However, by the sixth century B.C., Thebes had seized the cities that Orchomenos controlled and had forced Orchomenos to join the Boeotian League, which was under Theban hegemony. Orchomenos fought on the side of Sparta in the Corinthian War and was destroyed by Thebes around 364 B.C. Restoration of Orchomenos was begun by the Phocaeans in 353 B.C. The city grew stronger under the Macedonian kings Philip II and Alexander but never regained its former significance.

REFERENCE

Bulle, H., and E. Kunze. Orchomenos, vols. 1–3. Munich, 1907–34.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Collection and transportation of household waste municipality of orchomenos lasting 24 months.
While it is likely to have been a particularly populated region during the MH period, the major excavated "type" sites in the region such as Eutresis, Orchomenos and Thebes all have inherent problems of stratigraphy and occupational history that have precluded even the most basic of developmental tools (a stratigraphically defined ceramic typology) from being established.
however, claims that similar systems of attachment can be found throughout the eastern Mediterranean, including sites in the Aegean such as Orchomenos.
Neither the stadium in Orchomenos, where Ladas probably trained during the Spartan campaign in Boeotia, was preserved.
NOT CHEAP, BUT FAIR Tall elm trees screen the 4 hectares (10 acres) of land that Aravanis farms outside the small town of Orchomenos in central Greece, not far from the ancient city of Thebes.
53) Take the case of the image of Actaeon at Orchomenos (9.
F42 states that Minyans from Orchomenos in Boeotia settled at Mounychia in Attica to find refuge from invading Thracians.
5) The children of Aphrodite are called the Graces of Orchomenos (Servius, Aeneid 1.
13);(50) damiorgoi are known to have been eponymous officials in Argos and at Tritaea, Lousoi, and Orchomenos in Arcadia (Sherk, ZPE 83 [1990], 258-9, 262, 264, 265-6).
The Eastern sites featured in their tales reflect the sisters' own Orchomenos as a conceptual abstraction, The City: a set of boundaries culturally imposed on bodies, speech, and thought, as well as on territory.
Not if he gave me ten times as much, and twenty times over as he possesses now, not if more should come to him from elsewhere, or gave all that is brought in to Orchomenos, all that is brought in to Thebes of Egypt, where the greatest possessions lie up in the houses, Thebes of the hundred gates, where through each of the gates two hundred fighting men come forth to war with the horses and chariots; not if he gave me gifts as many as the sand or the dust is, not even so would Agamemnon have his way with my spirit until he had made good to me all this heartrending insolence.
18) Sometime during the Demetrian War, Tegea, Mantineia, Orchomenos, and perhaps Ambrakia and Amphilochia, had all joined the Aitolian League.