Orchomenos


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Orchomenos

 

an ancient city in Boeotia, central Greece. The site of Orchomenos was inhabited as early as the Neolithic. A palace and a royal tomb (about 2,000 B.C.) discovered there by H. Schliemann are attributed to the Mycenaean period. Greek tradition ascribes the tomb to King Minos, and therefore the city is sometimes called Minoan Orchomenos. During this period, Orchomenos controlled almost all of western Boeotia. However, by the sixth century B.C., Thebes had seized the cities that Orchomenos controlled and had forced Orchomenos to join the Boeotian League, which was under Theban hegemony. Orchomenos fought on the side of Sparta in the Corinthian War and was destroyed by Thebes around 364 B.C. Restoration of Orchomenos was begun by the Phocaeans in 353 B.C. The city grew stronger under the Macedonian kings Philip II and Alexander but never regained its former significance.

REFERENCE

Bulle, H., and E. Kunze. Orchomenos, vols. 1–3. Munich, 1907–34.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Neither the stadium in Orchomenos, where Ladas probably trained during the Spartan campaign in Boeotia, was preserved.
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F42 states that Minyans from Orchomenos in Boeotia settled at Mounychia in Attica to find refuge from invading Thracians.
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Not if he gave me ten times as much, and twenty times over as he possesses now, not if more should come to him from elsewhere, or gave all that is brought in to Orchomenos, all that is brought in to Thebes of Egypt, where the greatest possessions lie up in the houses, Thebes of the hundred gates, where through each of the gates two hundred fighting men come forth to war with the horses and chariots; not if he gave me gifts as many as the sand or the dust is, not even so would Agamemnon have his way with my spirit until he had made good to me all this heartrending insolence.