The names of some of the best of these chroniclers are Eadmer, Orderic Vitalis
, and William of Malmesbury.
One of the chroniclers - Orderic Vitalis
- says that the rebels lived in tents in the woods and marshes, refusing to sleep in houses in case they became soft.
Seven essays emerged into print, discussing saintly retribution in medieval Ireland, the "fyre of ire kyndlid" in the 15th-century Scottish marches, religious minorities and the right to bear arms in 15th-century Portugal, feudal war in 10th-century France, rancorous deeds and words in the world of Orderic Vitalis
, verbal and physical violence in the Historie of Aurelia and Isabell, whether the High Middle Ages ever witnessed such a thing as feud, and the emotional rhetoric of crusading.
The Written World: Past and Place in the Work of Orderic Vitalis
Chibnall, Marjorie, The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis
A geographical division makes a great deal more sense in the context, and thus she begins with texts dealing with the Normans of Normandy itself--first Dudo, then the multi-layered Gesta Normannorun ducum --before turning to those in Italy such as Amatus' Historia Normannorum and William of Apulia's Gesta Robert Wiscardi, then those involved in the First Crusade with the Gesta Francorum, before returning to Orderic Vitalis
, who has a chapter to himself.
Shortly after the death of Alexander and the accession of David I in 1124, the Norman chronicler Orderic Vitalis
(whose reliability for Scottish affairs is uneven), recorded that "Malcolm, a bastard son of Alexander, made a bid for his father's kingdom, and instigated two bitter wars against him.
Hingst, Amanda Jane, The Written World: Past and Place in the Work of Orderic Vitalis
The written world; past and place in the work of Orderic Vitalis
Our main, almost our only, source for the winter campaign of 1069-70 are the words of a monkish chronicler from Shropshire called Orderic Vitalis
Watkins studies English chronicles from about 1050 to 1215: Orderic Vitalis
, Walter Map, William of Malmesbury, Gervase of Tilbury, William of Newburgh, William of Poitiers, John of Salisbury, and Gerald of Wales, among others.
A single short passage by Orderic Vitalis
is given immediately after the end of the text of the Gesta; a more complete presentation of the passages where Orderic, William of Malmesbury, and other historians are believed to have used the Gesta Guillelmi would certainly have been useful, as would a more structured presentation of this information.