Orders, Monastic

Orders, Monastic

 

in Catholicism, centralized monastic associations regulated by special charters, which, as a rule, are confirmed by the papacy.

The first Catholic monastic order was the Benedictines, founded in the sixth century. During the 11th and 12th centuries, at the time of the Crusades, a number of knightly religious orders came into being, as well as the order of the Cistercians. The rise of the mendicant orders dates to the 12th and 13th centuries; they were called upon to combat the influence on the masses of popular heretical doctrines and to strengthen the influence of the Catholic Church. The Jesuit order was established in the 16th century to combat the ideas of the Reformation.

The members of most Catholic monastic orders live in monasteries.

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References in periodicals archive ?
It was part of a reform movement that emerged in many religious orders, monastic and mendicant, as a reaction against a general relaxation of discipline, defined as Conventualism, which was a symptom of the Church's decline after the Black Death.
Jessalynn Bird asks what views Jacques de Vitry, although not a monk or friar himself, held of the functions that the various orders, monastic and mendicant, had in the life of the church, as he portrayed them in his sermons and his Historia occidentalis.