ordinary language philosophy

(redirected from Ordinary language Analysis)

ordinary language philosophy

a detailed analysis of language in use. Also referred to as linguistic philosophy (or analysis), and Oxford philosophy the term applies to a group of Oxford philosophers (including Austin and Ryle) influenced by the philosophy of WITTGENSTEIN. The aim of this ordinary language philosophy is to analyse natural language as a flexibly rule-governed practice. This approach contrasts with that of the logical positivists (see LOGICAL POSITIVISM), who wished to rid language of metaphysics by reducing it to an ‘object language’ capable of rigorous logical investigation. Ordinary language philosophers prefer to dissolve rather than solve problems, demonstrating that puzzlement often occurs only when metaphysics is used. Their own image of it is as a form of philosophy dispelling linguistic confusions, a view reflected in the title of Austin's How to Do Things with Words (1962).

Approaches in sociology which emphasize the importance of everyday language and talk (e.g. ETHNOMETHODOLOGY and CONVERSATIONAL ANALYSIS), have been influenced by ordinary language philosophy (see also SPEECH ACTS).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ordinary language analysis is a branch of 20th century philosophy that tried to resolve age-old questions by naively asking, "Well, how do ordinary people use the term?
Thus, in the next section, I shall critically explicate Hallen's method of ordinary language analysis, what it consists in, and how he puts it into practice in order to understand African beliefs, world-views and conceptions of reality as embedded in their philosophy.
Barry Hallen and the Method of Ordinary Language Analysis in African Philosophy
In other words, the method of ordinary language analysis will introduce into a language, which is seemingly problem free, some traditional problems of philosophy that raise questions on some of the unquestioned common assumptions, beliefs and sentiments that aid agreement, communication and social relations in the society.
In other words, what, I think, Hallen hopes to show with the focus on the role and value of ordinary language analysis in the African context is that it will serve "as a tool that will enable philosophers to come to terms with pieces or portions of African fields of discourse.
Moore and Bertrand Russell and extending through logical positivism, ordinary language analysis, and linguistic essentialism.
Since different versions of the method correspond to different theses about linguistic sense, it is possible to reconstruct the passage from logical realism, logical positivism, ordinary language analysis, and linguistic essentialism in terms of a progressive development within analytic philosophy about the sense, i.
Part 1 of the book is about logical realism, logical positivism, and ordinary language analysis.
His criticisms of the antirealist positions of the logical positivists and the ordinary language analysis, as well as of the more recent positions of Mackie and others, are intended to elaborate upon or to supplement the many arguments already given in the literature by contemporary moral realists such as Brink and Butchvaron.