Ordine Nuovo


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ordine Nuovo

 

(New Order), a revolutionary socialist group formed in Turin, Italy, in 1919. Its nucleus, the editorial board of a weekly publication of the same name, was founded in May 1919 and consisted of A. Gramsci, P. Togliatti, U. Terracini, and A. Tasca.

The Ordine Nuovo group undertook the task of activating the revolutionary struggle of the proletariat and criticized the leadership of the socialist party for its lack of initiative and decisiveness in the struggle. The group became the organizing force in the factory and plant council movement of 1920, during which an attempt was made to apply the experience of the Russian soviets to concrete conditions in Italy. In addition, the Ordine Nuovo group laid the foundation for one of the biggest actions by the Italian proletariat—the general strike in Turin in April 1920. In the turbulent postwar atmosphere of revolutionary crisis in Italy, the group tried to solve two problems simultaneously —to create a new, militant proletarian party and to encourage the broadest revolutionary activity by the masses, on the basis of the factory council movement. However, Ordine Nuovo was unable to fully accomplish these aims, particularly because its practical activity was essentially limited to Turin.

To a considerable extent, the Ordine Nuovo group paved the way for the formation of the Italian Communist Party (ICP) in January 1921. Ideologically, it was the most mature group to join the ICP. The leaders of the Ordine Nuovo group, especially Gramsci (Tasca later broke with them), made significant contributions to solving the theoretical problems of the Italian revolution—for example, the problem of proletarian hegemony, the alliance of the proletariat of the north with the southern peasantry, and the leading role of the party.

B. R. LOPUKHOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Non rifiuta l'esistenza del disordine, ne coglie le possibilita educative in vista della formazione di un ordine nuovo, migliore, pio felice.
The people charged would have belonged to an Italian banned movement called "Ordine Nuovo" (New Order), which had been founded as a far-right political and paramilitary group in 1969 and dissolved by the government in 1973 as an attempt to re-form the fascist party.
Moreover, by choosing to represent a particular moment in Gramsci's life, the Ordine Nuovo period, Dario Fo draws a parallel between two crucial events in the history of the Italian labor movement, the "biennio rosso" 1919-1920 and the "autunno caldo" of 1969.
And this is true not only with reference to the more mature meditation on "Americanism and Fordism" as it appears in the Quaderni del Carcere, but also, for instance, in an article published by Ordine Nuovo in September of 1919, in which it is stated that:
All the defendants were prominent members of the neo-fascist group Ordine Nuovo (New Order), according to the Italian media.
In 1971-72, a judge in Treviso decided that the real plot was on the right, and arrested leading members of a shady Fascist organisation known as Ordine Nuovo, as well as more mainstream neo-Fascists.
Zorzi was a neo-Fascist militant in Venice in 1969 and a member of the Ordine Nuovo organisation.
At the same time, it could not break completely with other right-wing formations to which it was related; among these were the Ordine Nuovo (ON) and the Avanguardia Nazionale (AN), which Ferraresi discusses in some detail.
Comincia inoltre ad avere spazio nei suoi scritti il nome di Lenin, il cui insegnamento teorico e pratico, favorito anche dalla mitizzazione della sua figura, viene ad incontrarsi con alcune convinzioni e concezioni giapresenti o in nuce nello stesso Gramsci, e che troveranno una significativa espressione nell'esperienza politica e culturale del settimanale L'Ordine Nuovo degli anni 1919-20: l'attenzione all'azione dell'uomo come fattore della storia e allo Stato rivoluzionario, fondato su nuove istituzioni rispetto a quello borghese.
All the defendants were prominent members of the extremist, neo-fascist group Ordine Nuovo (New Order), ANSA said.