Nicole Oresme

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Oresme, Nicole

 

Born circa 1323 in Oresme, Normandy; died 1382 in Lisieux. French mathematician, physicist, and economist.

Oresme made one of the first attempts to construct a rectilinear coordinate system, and he introduced such concepts of mechanics as acceleration and the average rate of uniformly changing motion. In 1368 he introduced the use of fractional exponents. His Traité de la sphère (Treatise on the Sphere) played a significant role in the development of French astronomical and geographical terminology.

WORKS

Algorismus proportianum. Edited by E. L. W. Curtz. Berlin, 1868.

REFERENCES

Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947. Pages 283–314.
Ibid., vol. 34. Moscow, 1960. Pages 343–49.
Pedersen, O. “Nicole Oresme, og hans naturfilosofiske system ….” In Le Livre du ciel et du monde (doctoral dissertation). Copenhagen, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
We learn that Nicole Oresme anticipated Descartes' idea of coordinate systems on page 152, then again on page 154.
Laboratoire de Mathematiques Nicolas Oresme, UCBN, Caen, France
French theologian Nicolas oresme (1323-1382) was the founder of analytical geometry which was later developed by Rene Descartes (1596-1650), he represented theory of Earth's rotation lying in that way foundations of scientific revolution which is usually thought to be initiated by Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), Isaac Newton (1642-1727), etc.
So the metaphor of the world as a clock built by a divine clockmaker came naturally to Thomas Bradwardine (184) and Nicole Oresme (190).
Sure, the fourteenth-century author Nicole Oresme had written impressively about mathematics and the incommensurability of the heavens.
The definition of and attitudes towards moneylenders, representations of poverty and money in four Towneley plays, the linking of the sound of music and money in the music of Nicole Oresme, ethical dilemmas arising from churches earning money, and painted representations of merchants as a new masculine ideal are some of the topics.
And of course the very foundations of science rest on the work of medieval clerics like Albert the Great, Roger Bacon, and Nicholas Oresme.
The names of Jordanus Nemorarius, Jean Buridan, John Philoponus, Robert Grosseteste, Roger Bacon, Nicholas of Oresme, and Leon Battista Alberti may not be known to many, even to many contemporary scientists.
The principle of methodological naturalism had its origins in pre-Socratic philosophy, was revived by medieval natural philosophers like Nicole Oresme and informed the work of Galileo, Newton and Francis Bacon.
Courtenay, "The University of Paris at the Time of Jean Buridan and Nicole Oresme," Vivarium 42.
The contributions of Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, and Leonardo da Vinci will be explained.
1200-71), Oresme (1320-82) and Copernicus (1473-1543), and from mint officials like Henri Poullain (1612).