Nicole Oresme

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oresme, Nicole

 

Born circa 1323 in Oresme, Normandy; died 1382 in Lisieux. French mathematician, physicist, and economist.

Oresme made one of the first attempts to construct a rectilinear coordinate system, and he introduced such concepts of mechanics as acceleration and the average rate of uniformly changing motion. In 1368 he introduced the use of fractional exponents. His Traité de la sphère (Treatise on the Sphere) played a significant role in the development of French astronomical and geographical terminology.

WORKS

Algorismus proportianum. Edited by E. L. W. Curtz. Berlin, 1868.

REFERENCES

Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947. Pages 283–314.
Ibid., vol. 34. Moscow, 1960. Pages 343–49.
Pedersen, O. “Nicole Oresme, og hans naturfilosofiske system ….” In Le Livre du ciel et du monde (doctoral dissertation). Copenhagen, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oresme's treatise and Selgin's essay on Gresham's Law.
We learn that Nicole Oresme anticipated Descartes' idea of coordinate systems on page 152, then again on page 154.
Nicholas Oresme and Heinrich of Langenstein poured scorn on astrological prediction from a rationalist perspective while Pierre d'Ailly tried to define the legitimate scope of the study of the heavens.
"Oresme's Livre de politiques and the France of Charles V." In Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 75, pt.
(5) Medieval usage tends to underline the passivity of passions: Nicole Oresme, for instance, opposes passion and accion, and Jacques Legrand adopts the same opposition while assimilating passion to affliction and persecucion.
Laboratoire de Mathematiques Nicolas Oresme, UCBN, Caen, France