Nicole Oresme

(redirected from Oresme)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Oresme, Nicole

 

Born circa 1323 in Oresme, Normandy; died 1382 in Lisieux. French mathematician, physicist, and economist.

Oresme made one of the first attempts to construct a rectilinear coordinate system, and he introduced such concepts of mechanics as acceleration and the average rate of uniformly changing motion. In 1368 he introduced the use of fractional exponents. His Traité de la sphère (Treatise on the Sphere) played a significant role in the development of French astronomical and geographical terminology.

WORKS

Algorismus proportianum. Edited by E. L. W. Curtz. Berlin, 1868.

REFERENCES

Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947. Pages 283–314.
Ibid., vol. 34. Moscow, 1960. Pages 343–49.
Pedersen, O. “Nicole Oresme, og hans naturfilosofiske system ….” In Le Livre du ciel et du monde (doctoral dissertation). Copenhagen, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
32) Examples of metaphors for Blumenberg can be that of workclock for the universeOmetaphor invented by Nicolas of Oresme (33) Oin the beginning of Modernity, or that of Balint's "condensator" as representantion of human psyche.
French theologian Nicolas oresme (1323-1382) was the founder of analytical geometry which was later developed by Rene Descartes (1596-1650), he represented theory of Earth's rotation lying in that way foundations of scientific revolution which is usually thought to be initiated by Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), Isaac Newton (1642-1727), etc.
In the fourteenth century, Oresme even attempted to reconcile practical measurements and mathematical speculations, so that he introduced what is subject to change (28) into the intellectual world inherited from the Greeks.
1200-1280) (11) y Tomas de Aquino (1225-1274) (12) y la traduccion francesa de Nicolas Oresme (ca.
So the metaphor of the world as a clock built by a divine clockmaker came naturally to Thomas Bradwardine (184) and Nicole Oresme (190).
Su analisis del dinero y de la degradacion de la moneda atrajo la atencion de los academicos debido a su relacion con el analisis de Nicole Oresme en su tratado sobre esas materias.
Sure, the fourteenth-century author Nicole Oresme had written impressively about mathematics and the incommensurability of the heavens.
A comparative reading suggests Mariana was inspired by either a manuscript or an early print version of a very similar work by Nicholas Oresme, Tractatus de arigine, natura, jure, et mutacianibus monetarum [A Treatise an the Origin, Nature, Law, and Alterations of Money] (c.
Nicolas de Oresme y su interpretacion del derecho natural aristotelico", en: Topicos, n.
En el marco de la evolucion teorica respectiva, es necesario remitirse a los estudios de dinero e inflacion, asociados a teoria monetaria y del mercado, como los de Nicolas Oresme, Siglo XIV citado en Hulsman J (2004); los correspondientes a fundamentos del capitalismo, elaborados por Adam Smith (1776, citado por Waldemar De Gregori, 2005).
The definition of and attitudes towards moneylenders, representations of poverty and money in four Towneley plays, the linking of the sound of music and money in the music of Nicole Oresme, ethical dilemmas arising from churches earning money, and painted representations of merchants as a new masculine ideal are some of the topics.
One is the discovery of the Mean Speed Theorem by the Mertonians at Oxford and Nicole Oresme in Paris, which would later be used by Galileo in his study of falling bodies.