Contagious Pustular Dermatitis

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contagious pustular dermatitis

[kən′tā·jəs ′pəs·chə·lər ‚dər·mə′tīd·əs]
(veterinary medicine)
An infectious disease of sheep and goats characterized by vesicles on the skin which are transformed into pustules.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Contagious Pustular Dermatitis

 

(also contagious ecthyma or sore mouth), a virus disease of sheep and goats (cases have been reported in man).

In animals, the disease is characterized by the formation of vesicles, pustules (blister-like rash), and scabs primarily near the lips and, less commonly, on other parts of the body. The disease may occur at any time of the year, and when it does, it attacks almost all the livestock (especially the young animals). Injury to the skin promotes infection. Sick and convalescent animals are the sources of the causative agent. In most cases the disease is complicated by a secondary infection of a microbial nature. The sick animals eat with difficulty, and lameness is often observed. The diagnosis is based on epizootiological data, symptoms, and results of laboratory tests.

REFERENCES

Samoilov, P. P., and A. A. Aliverdiev. Kontagioznyi pustuleznyi stomatit (ektima) ovets. Moscow, 1967.
Epizootologiia. Edited by R. F. Sosov. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Orf virus usually gains access to the host's tissue through injury, breaks, and abrasions in the skin and replicates in regenerating epidermal keratinocytes [9].
Khachemoune, "Orf virus infection in humans: A review with a focus on advances in diagnosis and treatment," Journal of Drugs in Dermatology (JDD), vol.
Zhang, "Development of a fluorescent probe-based recombinase polymerase amplification assay for rapid detection of Orf virus Veterinary DNA viruses," Virology Journal, vol.
Sheep-to-human transmission of orf virus during Eid al-Adha religious practices, France.
The immune and inflammatory response to orf virus. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 1997; 20: 197-204, doi: 10.1016/S0147-9571(96)00045-8.
Wienhold et al., "Efficient priming against classical swine fever with a safe glycoprotein E2 expressing Orf virus recombinant (ORFV VrV-E2)," Vaccine, vol.
Orf (also known as ecthyma contagiosum or contagious pustular dermatitis) is primarily a disease of sheep and goats; man is infected on coming in contact with infected sheep or goats or with a fomite carrying the orf virus.1 The first phase of the disease is characterised by the appearance of a small papule one week after the exposure.
Tissue sent to CDC for parapoxvirus testing was positive for orf virus DNA by qPCR.
coli, Cryptosporidium, Salmonella, Orf virus, Coxiella burnetii, and Giardia species.
Parapoxviruses (PPVs) form a unique genus within the subfamily Chordopoxvirinae and are differentiated into the following species: orf virus (ORFV), bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV), pseudocowpoxvirus (PCPV), and PPV of the red deer in New Zealand.
Q I AM a butcher and I have contracted Orf virus. Can I pass it to my children?