Contagious Pustular Dermatitis

(redirected from Orf virus)
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contagious pustular dermatitis

[kən′tā·jəs ′pəs·chə·lər ‚dər·mə′tīd·əs]
(veterinary medicine)
An infectious disease of sheep and goats characterized by vesicles on the skin which are transformed into pustules.

Contagious Pustular Dermatitis

 

(also contagious ecthyma or sore mouth), a virus disease of sheep and goats (cases have been reported in man).

In animals, the disease is characterized by the formation of vesicles, pustules (blister-like rash), and scabs primarily near the lips and, less commonly, on other parts of the body. The disease may occur at any time of the year, and when it does, it attacks almost all the livestock (especially the young animals). Injury to the skin promotes infection. Sick and convalescent animals are the sources of the causative agent. In most cases the disease is complicated by a secondary infection of a microbial nature. The sick animals eat with difficulty, and lameness is often observed. The diagnosis is based on epizootiological data, symptoms, and results of laboratory tests.

REFERENCES

Samoilov, P. P., and A. A. Aliverdiev. Kontagioznyi pustuleznyi stomatit (ektima) ovets. Moscow, 1967.
Epizootologiia. Edited by R. F. Sosov. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
Erythema multiforme after orf virus infection: A report of two cases and literature review.
Sheep-to-human transmission of orf virus during Eid al-Adha religious practices, France.
Orf (also known as ecthyma contagiosum or contagious pustular dermatitis) is primarily a disease of sheep and goats; man is infected on coming in contact with infected sheep or goats or with a fomite carrying the orf virus.
Tissue sent to CDC for parapoxvirus testing was positive for orf virus DNA by qPCR.
Polymerase chain reaction for laboratory diagnosis of orF virus infections.
Natural transmission of orf virus from clinically normal ewes to orf-naive sheep.
Orf virus is a zoonotic parapoxvirus endemic to most countries in the world and is principally associated with small ruminants (e.
In the genus Parapoxvirus, 4 species are currently recognized: Orf virus (ORFV), bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV), pseudocowpox virus (PCPV), and parapoxvirus of red deer in New Zealand (PVNZ) (3).
Her research interests are identification and characterization of novel viruses, orf virus infections, and host-virus interactions.
Orf virus (genus Parapoxvirus, family Poxviridae) is endemic to most countries.
The genus Parapoxvirus (family Poxviridae, subfamily Chordopoxvirinae) comprises several members: orf virus (OV), bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV), pseudocowpox virus (PCPV), and parapox of red deer in New Zealand virus (PVNZ).