Contagious Pustular Dermatitis

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contagious pustular dermatitis

[kən′tā·jəs ′pəs·chə·lər ‚dər·mə′tīd·əs]
(veterinary medicine)
An infectious disease of sheep and goats characterized by vesicles on the skin which are transformed into pustules.

Contagious Pustular Dermatitis

 

(also contagious ecthyma or sore mouth), a virus disease of sheep and goats (cases have been reported in man).

In animals, the disease is characterized by the formation of vesicles, pustules (blister-like rash), and scabs primarily near the lips and, less commonly, on other parts of the body. The disease may occur at any time of the year, and when it does, it attacks almost all the livestock (especially the young animals). Injury to the skin promotes infection. Sick and convalescent animals are the sources of the causative agent. In most cases the disease is complicated by a secondary infection of a microbial nature. The sick animals eat with difficulty, and lameness is often observed. The diagnosis is based on epizootiological data, symptoms, and results of laboratory tests.

REFERENCES

Samoilov, P. P., and A. A. Aliverdiev. Kontagioznyi pustuleznyi stomatit (ektima) ovets. Moscow, 1967.
Epizootologiia. Edited by R. F. Sosov. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
Her research interests are identification and characterization of novel viruses, orf virus infections, and host-virus interactions.
The patent claims cover methods of using modified parapoxvirus orf virus to treat Ras-mediated cancers.
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A NO, humans can contract Orf virus but do not pass it to animals or other humans.
University of Otago (Dunedin, New Zealand) and Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research (New York, NY) have patented a method for using a viral VEGF-like protein from the orf virus strain NZ2 and from the orf virus strain NZ10 to bind to the extracellular domain of the VEGF receptor-2 to form bioactive complexes which mediate useful cellular responses and/or antagonize undesired biological activities.
Orf virus (genus Parapoxvirus, family Poxviridae) is endemic to most countries.
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The genus Parapoxvirus (family Poxviridae, subfamily Chordopoxvirinae) comprises several members: orf virus (OV), bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV), pseudocowpox virus (PCPV), and parapox of red deer in New Zealand virus (PVNZ).
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