organic farming

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organic farming,

the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides, feed that is produced using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers, and the like. Organic farmers and gardeners use short-lived, biodegradable pest-killers, biological pest control, rotation of crops, and manure and compost to control pests and provide plant nutrients. In the United States, as elsewhere, awareness of the environmental damage and threats to health (see pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; environmentalismenvironmentalism,
movement to protect the quality and continuity of life through conservation of natural resources, prevention of pollution, and control of land use. The philosophical foundations for environmentalism in the United States were established by Thomas Jefferson,
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) caused by DDT, dieldrin, and other insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
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 and by the excessive use of chemical fertilizers fostered interest in organic gardening, particularly among home gardeners. Organic farming on a large scale is both more difficult and more costly than standard commercial farming, but an increasing market for organically grown, or "natural," foods supports a growing commercial organic farming sector in the United States. See also Integrated Pest ManagementIntegrated Pest Management
(IPM), planned program that coordinates economically and environmentally acceptable methods of pest control with the judicious and minimal use of toxic pesticides.
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; organic foodorganic food,
food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the
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.

Bibliography

See J. I. Rodale et al., ed., The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening (1959, repr. 1971); C. O. Foster, The Organic Gardener (1972).

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References in periodicals archive ?
LAC received its certification in 2009, a year earlier than the formal establishment of the NOAP and the NOAB through the Organic Agriculture Act of 2010.
Through this intervention, it will be ensured that the incentives given by the government to them are put to good use and they can contribute to the expansion of organic agriculture areas in the province, Masculino said.
The bill also provides representation to non-government organizations and farmers in the National Organic Agriculture Board to ensure that their concerns are addressed.
Other support includes the provision of machinery and organic fertilizer, as well as a 40 percent deduction rental fees for using public property for organic agriculture.
She said: 'Oyo state would be impacted on very well from now on organic agriculture and that is why we have farmers in attendance.
He further said that the Balochistan government would be developing an organic agriculture policy soon.
Moreover, the sources said PARC has also established a Cell on Organic Agriculture and nominated a focal person as well.
1030 in 2015 declaring November of every year as Organic Agriculture Month.
He is on the Board of Trustees of the Nigerian Organic Agriculture Network.
The event is supported by all International and National stakeholders - IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement), FSSAI (Food Safety Standard Authority of India), OFAI (Organic Farmers Association of India), ICCOA (International Competence Centre of Organic Agriculture), BDAI (Biodynamic Association of India) and AIOI (Association of the Indian Organic Industries).
With the participation of agriculture officials and regional and international investors, the exhibition, in its bid to help ensure food self-sufficiency, provides local and international companies with a global venue to showcase their latest agricultural technologies and services, specifically focusing on animal and aquatic plantations, crop farms, organic agriculture, and fish farming.

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