organic farming

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organic farming,

the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides, feed that is produced using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers, and the like. Organic farmers and gardeners use short-lived, biodegradable pest-killers, biological pest control, rotation of crops, and manure and compost to control pests and provide plant nutrients. In the United States, as elsewhere, awareness of the environmental damage and threats to health (see pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; environmentalismenvironmentalism,
movement to protect the quality and continuity of life through conservation of natural resources, prevention of pollution, and control of land use. The philosophical foundations for environmentalism in the United States were established by Thomas Jefferson,
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) caused by DDT, dieldrin, and other insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
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 and by the excessive use of chemical fertilizers fostered interest in organic gardening, particularly among home gardeners. Organic farming on a large scale is both more difficult and more costly than standard commercial farming, but an increasing market for organically grown, or "natural," foods supports a growing commercial organic farming sector in the United States. See also Integrated Pest ManagementIntegrated Pest Management
(IPM), planned program that coordinates economically and environmentally acceptable methods of pest control with the judicious and minimal use of toxic pesticides.
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; organic foodorganic food,
food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the
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See J. I. Rodale et al., ed., The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening (1959, repr. 1971); C. O. Foster, The Organic Gardener (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Organizers of the event were: the Union of Organic Agriculture, FGBU "Rosselhoztsentr", FGBOU DPO "Federal Center for Agricultural Consulting Agroindustrial Complex".
The speakers suggested forming a time-befitting agriculture policy and national organic agriculture policy and urged the concerned people to spread out the organic cultivation system largely across the country.
and Hummingbird Wholesale are just a few clear examples of how organic businesses can benefit local economies, while supporting high-quality jobs in organic agriculture.
Critics have long argued that organic agriculture is inefficient, requiring more land to yield the same amount of food.
Based on records compiled by the National Organic Agriculture Program (NOAP), the country has 107,911 organic production areas with 43,470 farmers.
Bernadette Romulo-Puyat in her message at the opening ceremonies of the celebration of organic agriculture month delivered by Elsa Parot of the DA's National Organic Agriculture Program (NOAP).
The layout is clear with photographs, diagrams, subheadings in color, and bibliographic references; it can be used as a textbook in agriculture or practical botany courses as well as a handbook for farmers and others in the organic agriculture field.
The organic agriculture helps to produce healthy food, preserve the environment, protect public health, and improve animal's health.
She noticed that organic agriculture has become a very popular trend in the world, and "all Western countries are eager for its development.
Definitions vary but, according to the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, organic agriculture is a production system that relies on ecological processes, such as waste recycling, rather than the use of synthetic inputs, such as chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
The congress, sponsored by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) and hosted by the Buy-day Association of Turkey, is a great opportunity to raise awareness about the country's potential for organic farming and husbandry and to promote organic farming and the consumption of organic food.
He added that RDO organizes many seminars on organic agriculture for its importance in reducing chemical agriculture, noting that the organization assists States in this area.

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