organic farming


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organic farming,

the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides, feed that is produced using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers, and the like. Organic farmers and gardeners use short-lived, biodegradable pest-killers, biological pest control, rotation of crops, and manure and compost to control pests and provide plant nutrients. In the United States, as elsewhere, awareness of the environmental damage and threats to health (see pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; environmentalismenvironmentalism,
movement to protect the quality and continuity of life through conservation of natural resources, prevention of pollution, and control of land use. The philosophical foundations for environmentalism in the United States were established by Thomas Jefferson,
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) caused by DDT, dieldrin, and other insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
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 and by the excessive use of chemical fertilizers fostered interest in organic gardening, particularly among home gardeners. Organic farming on a large scale is both more difficult and more costly than standard commercial farming, but an increasing market for organically grown, or "natural," foods supports a growing commercial organic farming sector in the United States. See also Integrated Pest ManagementIntegrated Pest Management
(IPM), planned program that coordinates economically and environmentally acceptable methods of pest control with the judicious and minimal use of toxic pesticides.
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; organic foodorganic food,
food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the
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.

Bibliography

See J. I. Rodale et al., ed., The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening (1959, repr. 1971); C. O. Foster, The Organic Gardener (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
LAC's CAUSING explained that organic farming is a method of self-sufficiency.
The principal attributed the increasing cases of cancer and other diseases to the neglect of organic farming saying that the human lifespan is drastically declining.
Global Organic Farming is accounted for $53.16 million in 2017 and is expected to reach $129.97 million by 2026.
Timpoong Hibok-Hibok Ecotourism Association (MTHEA), is the current farmer-beneficiary of the Philippine-Korean project under the Asian Network for Sustainable Organic Farming Technology (ANSOFT).
The law envisioned that at least five percent of the country's agricultural lands be devoted to the practice of organic farming.
The only obstacle in organic farming is obtaining a certificate by organic producers, which may cost up to $18,000, she said.
Organic farming is a priority sector for support under the Rural Development Program.
Farmers at the conference, however, showed organic farming is not only doable, but also cost-effective.
Organic farming also continues on its positive trajectory on a global scale, with organic land area and producer numbers at an alltime high.
In a statement to the media on the fringes of the meeting of the National Commission on Organic Farming, Taib recalled that Tunisia now ranks 23rd worldwide and is in the lead at the African and global levels in terms of areas dedicated to the organic olive growing.
Homing in on the differences between organic food production and conventional food production, the study concludes that due to organic farming's inefficient yields, it generally results in a greater environmental impact than conventional farming methods.
The city council approved a resolution on first reading an ordinance that will give incentives to those pursuing organic farming in Brgy.

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