organic food

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organic food,

food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the use of irradiation, biotechnology, and sewer-sludge fertilizer is also banned. Food whose ingredients are at least 95% organic by weight may carry the "USDA ORGANIC" label; products containing only organic ingredients are labeled 100% organic.

Proponents of organic food have claimed that it is more nutritious, safer to eat, and usually tastes better because it contains no synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, hormones, medicated feed, or antibiotics or chemicals used in food processing (see also organic farmingorganic farming,
the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides,
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); these claims are disputed by conventional-food growers and processors. The farming methods used to produce organic foods are also regarded by many as having less of an environmental impact than standard commercial farming methods. Organic foods have become steadily more popular as the public has become more concerned about health risks associated with chemicals in food products. Organic produce is now available in many food outlets, including major supermarket chains. Organic food is generally more expensive because organic farming requires more manual labor and attention.

Bibliography

See D. Steinman, Diet for a Poisoned Planet (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
The senator called important the harmonization of Russian legislation with international law in the production of organic products.
The Bur Dubai outlet of Al Adil sizzled on November 8 when Sunny Leone, the hottest Bollywood star, came to launch Al Adil's 100 types of new specialty chakki fresh atta and organic products.
Lower-income shoppers often are left out of the conversation around natural and organic products.
The note also states that Tunisia is the 2nd African country to export biological products and that 80% of these organic products are exported.
Both Generation X and Generation Y grew up with an eye for natural and organic products," says William Jennings, CEO, First Fresh Foods LLC, Gainesville, Ga.
Natural and organic products are fueling sustainable growth in center store.
5 billion in organic products in 2014, up 72% since 2008.
Local consumers that are interested in organic products really insist that they are produced in Western Europe or North America.
Sales of natural and organic products reached more than $83 billion in 201213.
The new product line is expected to be more affordable than existing organic products in the UAE.
Ak blamed low consumption of organic products in Turkey on a lack of information and purchasing power.
A growing, multi-billion dollar business within natural, specialty gourmet and conventional retail channels, organic products continue to be top of mind for consumers, according to market research firm SPINS, Schaumburg, IL.