organic farming

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Related to Organically grown: organically grown food

organic farming,

the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides, feed that is produced using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers, and the like. Organic farmers and gardeners use short-lived, biodegradable pest-killers, biological pest control, rotation of crops, and manure and compost to control pests and provide plant nutrients. In the United States, as elsewhere, awareness of the environmental damage and threats to health (see pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; environmentalismenvironmentalism,
movement to protect the quality and continuity of life through conservation of natural resources, prevention of pollution, and control of land use. The philosophical foundations for environmentalism in the United States were established by Thomas Jefferson,
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) caused by DDT, dieldrin, and other insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
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 and by the excessive use of chemical fertilizers fostered interest in organic gardening, particularly among home gardeners. Organic farming on a large scale is both more difficult and more costly than standard commercial farming, but an increasing market for organically grown, or "natural," foods supports a growing commercial organic farming sector in the United States. See also Integrated Pest ManagementIntegrated Pest Management
(IPM), planned program that coordinates economically and environmentally acceptable methods of pest control with the judicious and minimal use of toxic pesticides.
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; organic foodorganic food,
food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the
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.

Bibliography

See J. I. Rodale et al., ed., The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening (1959, repr. 1971); C. O. Foster, The Organic Gardener (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Her group began after Mary Hensley, United States' Peace Corps volunteer, and Victoria Garcia, a Filipino community worker, jointly marketed Cordillera's organically grown rice varieties in 2004.
In addition to being produced from organically grown grapes, all Girasole Vineyards wines are vegan-friendly.
But while many claim that organically grown food tastes better than conventionally grown food, research examining the sensory qualities of the two types of products has not offered convincing evidence that there are any significant differences in taste.
Scientists at Tennessee State University evaluated the profiles and antibiotic resistance of bacteria found on organically grown and conventionally grown vegetables.
Non-organic broccoli had a significantly higher level of antioxidants than organically grown samples, while non-organic potatoes contained more vitamin C than the organic crop.
Laboratory tests found the non-organic calabrese had a significantly higher level of antioxidants than the organically grown samples, while non-organic potatoes contained more vitamin C than the organic crop.
On the basis of the present study carried out under well controlled conditions, it cannot be concluded that organically grown onions, carrots, and potatoes generally have higher contents of health-promoting secondary metabolites in comparison with the conventionally cultivated ones," the report states.
The organically grown grains produced on this farmland will ensure an adequate supply as we expand our simple processed grain products throughout China, and look to expand our market into deeply processed organic grain products.
Organically Grown Prosecco Grapes--USDA NOP Certified
Several recent studies also suggest that organically grown foods have a higher level of some key nutrients than do conventionally grown foods.
This is not to say that organically grown food is more nutrient-dense than conventionally grown food.