Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

(OSCE), international organization established as the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) in 1973, during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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, to promote East-West cooperation. Headquarters are in Prague, Czech Republic. The CSCE's 1975 meeting in Helsinki, Finland, ratified the acts commonly known as the Helsinki Accords, which were signed by every European nation (except Albania, which did so later) and the United States and Canada. The OSCE is responsible for reviewing the implementation of those accords. Since the end of the cold war, it has also aimed to foster peace, prosperity, and justice in Europe. There are now 56 OSCE members, including all European nations, all former republics of the Soviet Union, and the United States and Canada.

The Helsinki Accords recognized the post–World War II European border arrangements as inviolable, subject to change only by peaceful means and by agreement, and the signers agreed to respect the human rights and civic freedoms of their citizens, as well as to undertake various forms of international cooperation. Although the nonbinding accords did not have treaty status, they were the first international agreement signed by the Soviet Union to mention the rights of free speech and travel. The human-rights provisions had a significant role in galvanizing Soviet and other Eastern European dissidents in the late 1970s, who organized committees to monitor compliance with the Helsinki Accords. Subsequent conferences have been held in various European cities. At the 1990 Paris summit, leaders of the member nations signed a declaration respecting the territorial integrity of Europe, an act that signaled the end of the cold war; limitations were also placed on the size of conventional forces in Europe. An additional agreement in 1992 and a revised treaty in 1999 (still unratified) placed further limitations on conventional forces.

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References in periodicals archive ?
He added that the current European security system had been established based on the Helsinki process, the Helsinki Final Act and the activities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
For his part, Lajcak expressed his belief that the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) will do very good work for security in Europe and Asia, stressing the importance of Turkey's participation in this regard.
This book explores why the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) remains a largely unknown entity as far as the general public are concerned, despite its significant day-to-day activity not only on the diplomatic front, but also via its 16 field operations.
The authors have organized the chapters that make up the main body of their text in parts devoted to Benelux, Schengen, the European Union, the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Group of Eight Industrialized Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the United Nations.
Apart from the host Turkey, Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, Egypt, India, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Palestine, and the Republic of Korea, Russia, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey and Uzbekistan will participate in the forum with a few members absent.Analysts believe that the CICA - with its goal of building security and cooperation in Asia - is similar to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and can be dubbed "the OSCE of Asia."
Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh on Monday took part in meeting of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), which was held on the sidelines of the preparatory meetings of a Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA).
This volume is a collection of reports on the activities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
Working closely with our Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) partners, we will provide assistance to ensure the elections are conducted freely and fairly.
Responding to a request from 13 Democratic congressmen and the State Department, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe [OSCE] will be sending a group to make sure the United States holds a fair election in November." The invitation to the OSCE followed an earlier request from several congressional Democrats for UN election monitors.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), for example, has established principles for tightening and harmonizing rules on exports and has called for greater cooperation and information sharing.
The European Journal of Migration and Law covers migration law and policy with an emphasis on the European Union, the Council of Europe and migration activities within the Organization for Security and Cooperation In Europe. Kluwer said editorial focuses on both the law and policy within the field of migration and is being targeted to lawyers, government officials and related professionals involved in migration issues in Europe.
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