Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

(OSCE), international organization established as the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) in 1973, during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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, to promote East-West cooperation. Headquarters are in Prague, Czech Republic. The CSCE's 1975 meeting in Helsinki, Finland, ratified the acts commonly known as the Helsinki Accords, which were signed by every European nation (except Albania, which did so later) and the United States and Canada. The OSCE is responsible for reviewing the implementation of those accords. Since the end of the cold war, it has also aimed to foster peace, prosperity, and justice in Europe. There are now 56 OSCE members, including all European nations, all former republics of the Soviet Union, and the United States and Canada.

The Helsinki Accords recognized the post–World War II European border arrangements as inviolable, subject to change only by peaceful means and by agreement, and the signers agreed to respect the human rights and civic freedoms of their citizens, as well as to undertake various forms of international cooperation. Although the nonbinding accords did not have treaty status, they were the first international agreement signed by the Soviet Union to mention the rights of free speech and travel. The human-rights provisions had a significant role in galvanizing Soviet and other Eastern European dissidents in the late 1970s, who organized committees to monitor compliance with the Helsinki Accords. Subsequent conferences have been held in various European cities. At the 1990 Paris summit, leaders of the member nations signed a declaration respecting the territorial integrity of Europe, an act that signaled the end of the cold war; limitations were also placed on the size of conventional forces in Europe. An additional agreement in 1992 and a revised treaty in 1999 (still unratified) placed further limitations on conventional forces.

References in periodicals archive ?
Working closely with our Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) partners, we will provide assistance to ensure the elections are conducted freely and fairly.
Responding to a request from 13 Democratic congressmen and the State Department, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe [OSCE] will be sending a group to make sure the United States holds a fair election in November.
This is dangerous, this is provocative,'' a senior official with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe said of the Serbs' conduct.
I'm participating in three meetings: yesterday it was the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Ministerial meeting; tomorrow it will be the Ministerial Meeting of the North Atlantic Council; and, on Friday, the U.
A senior aide said there was ``a very strong possibility'' the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe would set a September date when it meets June 14 in Florence, Italy.
Nasdaq:WGRD), a leading provider of Internet security solutions, was selected to provide network security appliances for the recent conference of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
The National Democratic Institute, The International Republican Institute, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, the National Endowment for Democracy, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, to name just a few, all help to advance our efforts to see free and fair elections held in the transition countries.
6 million for Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) peacekeeping activities in the Balkans preventive diplomacy missions elsewhere in Europe and the NIS.
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