Organization of African Unity


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Related to Organization of African Unity: African Union

Organization of African Unity

(OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation; and coordinate members' economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific, and defense policies. The OAU was, at the time, the most significant result of Pan-AfricanismPan-Africanism,
general term for various movements in Africa that have as their common goal the unity of Africans and the elimination of colonialism and white supremacy from the continent.
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. The organization mediated several border and internal disputes and was instrumental in bringing about majority rule and the end of apartheid in South Africa, which in 1994 became the 53d nation to be admitted to the organization.

In 1997, OAU members established the African Economic Community (AEC), envisioned as an African common market; the AEC signed an agreement with regional African economic groupings that was intended to lead to harmonization of policies of those common markets. A more radical expansion and transformation of the OAU was adopted at Lomé, Togo, in 2000, in the form of the Constitutive Act of the African UnionAfrican Union
(AU), international organization established in 2002 by the nations of the former Organization of African Unity (OAU). The AU is the successor organization to the OAU, with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a
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, which replaced the OAU in 2002. The African Union has with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commmitment to democratic principles.

References in periodicals archive ?
Conference on Trade and Development, and leaders of South Africa, Nigeria and Algeria who chair the Conference on Non-Aligned Nations, the Group of 77 (G-77) and the Organization of African Unity, respectively, the sources said.
The Organization of African Unity voiced "disappointment and disagreement" with the way the talks were being held.
This could initially be conducted under the aegis of the Organization of African Unity, or the UN, or both.
The UN, the Organization of African Unity, the Islamic Conference and the Non-Aligned Movement were all sympathetic forums for the PLO to articulate its policies, win support, and establish a wide network of relations and assistance that rendered the cause of Palestine universally recognized as a just cause, Israel's powerful propaganda machine notwithstanding.
29 and made public Monday, Paul Biya, president of Cameroon and the current chairman of the Organization of African Unity, said it was a matter of urgency that Africans add to their list of candidates.
The book is silent on the exertions of either the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the Frontline States, or Nigeria (whose political influence was not inconsiderable, principally as a result of the oil boom of the period).
to help draft the Harare Declaration, which was adopted by the Organization of African Unity and states the A.
Masire served as the first vice-chairman of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1991 and as chairman of the Eminent Personalities of the OAU Committee Investigating the Circumstances Surrounding the 1994 Rwanda Genocide.
Because Africa is home to many refugees, The largest humanitarian group drawing attention to the plight of the refugees had been the Organization of African Unity (OAU).
The partners reaffirmed their full support to the facilitation efforts led on behalf of the AU by Edem Kodjo, former Prime Minister of Togo and former Secretary- General of the Organization of African Unity.
A few hours from now, we shall be celebrating "Africa Liberation Day," marking the first anniversary of the signing, in Addis Ababa, of the historic Charter of the Organization of African Unity.
Based on a series of lectures the author gave at the Hague Academy of International Law in the summer of 2012, this volume examines the relations between Pan-Africanism and international law, focusing on the activities, practices, and attitudes of all African states towards international law and as members of Pan-African organizations like the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and African Union (AU).

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