Organization of African Unity

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Related to Organization of African Unity: African Union

Organization of African Unity

Organization of African Unity (OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation; and coordinate members' economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific, and defense policies. The OAU was, at the time, the most significant result of Pan-Africanism. The organization mediated several border and internal disputes and was instrumental in bringing about majority rule and the end of apartheid in South Africa, which in 1994 became the 53d nation to be admitted to the organization.

In 1997, OAU members established the African Economic Community (AEC), envisioned as an African common market; the AEC signed an agreement with regional African economic groupings that was intended to lead to harmonization of policies of those common markets. A more radical expansion and transformation of the OAU was adopted at Lomé, Togo, in 2000, in the form of the Constitutive Act of the African Union, which replaced the OAU in 2002. The African Union has with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commmitment to democratic principles.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Attia recalled that the formation of the joint African working group in 2002 resulted in initiating the African Union, which emerged from the Organization of African Unity. "This came as a result of international trends of globalization and regional consolidation.
Charter, the Charter of the Organization of African Unity and U.N.
The Organization of African Unity voiced "disappointment and disagreement" with the way the talks were being held.
In the African Region of the World Health Organization (WHO), eradication efforts were accelerated following supporting resolutions by WHO's Regional Committee for Africa in 1995 [2,3] and the Organization of African Unity in 1996 [4].
This could initially be conducted under the aegis of the Organization of African Unity, or the UN, or both.
The UN, the Organization of African Unity, the Islamic Conference and the Non-Aligned Movement were all sympathetic forums for the PLO to articulate its policies, win support, and establish a wide network of relations and assistance that rendered the cause of Palestine universally recognized as a just cause, Israel's powerful propaganda machine notwithstanding.
`The OAU (Organization of African Unity) couldn't do it.
The book is silent on the exertions of either the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the Frontline States, or Nigeria (whose political influence was not inconsiderable, principally as a result of the oil boom of the period).
to help draft the Harare Declaration, which was adopted by the Organization of African Unity and states the A.N.C.'s position on a negotiated settlement.
Addressing the opening session of the forum, he said the convocation of the forum in Egypt comes as part of the country's constant efforts to back the African continent, citing its role in boosting African countries' struggle for independence; the foundation of the Organization of African Unity which is now known by the name of the African Union; and reforming the African Union.
Al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed has regarded the signing of the peace and reconciliation in the Central African Republic agreement as marking one of the bright days of Africa, a day in which it solves its own differences by itself in realization of the principled laid down by the founders of the Organization of African Unity.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, It was launched in 2002 in South Africa, with the aim of replacing the Organization of African Unity (OAU) established in 1963 in Addis Ababa.(end) mry.haq

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