Orhan Kemal


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Orhan Kemal

 

(pen name of Mehmet Raşit Öğütcü). Born Sept. 15, 1914, in Ceyhan; died June 2, 1970, in Sofia, Bulgaria. Turkish writer.

Orhan Kemal worked as a weaver and a waiter. Almost all his works were based on his experiences. He first began writing as a poet under the pen names Raşit Kemal and Orhan Raşit. For propagandizing “red ideas,” Orhan Kemal was imprisoned for a time with Nazim Hikmet, who helped him learn Russian and introduced him to Russian and Soviet literature. The hero of Orhan Kemal’s short stories, as well as of his novels Cemile (1952) and An Occurrence (1955; Russian translation, 1963), is the “little man,” who is oppressed by a life of desperation.

Orhan Kemal translated M. A. Sholokhov’s Virgin Soil Upturned into Turkish. In 1969 he visited the USSR. An annual literary prize bearing his name has been awarded in Turkey since 1971. The works of Orhan Kemal have been translated into many of the world’s languages.

WORKS

Nâzim Hikmet’le üc buçuk yd. Istanbul, 1965.
Arkadaş ishklan. Istanbul, 1968.
Kaçak. Istanbul, 1970.
İstanbul’dan çizgiler. Istanbul, 1971.
In Russian translation:
Bor’ba za khleb. Moscow, 1953.
Prestupnik. Moscow, 1961.
Broshennaia v bezdnu. Moscow, 1965.
Mstitel’naia volshebnitsa. [Foreword by S. N. Uturgauri.] Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Babaev, A. A. Ocherki sovremennoi turetskoi literatury. Moscow, 1959.
Alangu, T. Cumhuriyetten sonra hikâye ve roman, vol. 2. Istanbul, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Inspired by the novel, Cemile , written by renowned Turkish novelist Orhan Kemal, Leblebici has a collection of 32 abstract paintings that he has named ' On the Edge of the City'.
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Orhan Kemal's three novels "Avare Yillar" (Idle Years), "Cemile" and "Baba Evi" (My Fathers House) were translated into Chinese as part of TEDA project aiming to publish Turkish cultural, artistic and literature works in other languages.
While serving a sentence in Bura Prison, author Orhan Kemal meets and befriends "romantic revolutionary" and poet Nazim Hikmet.
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The novel--the story of three generations of a wealthy Istanbul family living in Nisantasi, Pamuk's own neighborhood--was awarded both the Orhan Kemal and Milliyet literary prizes.
ISTANBUL, Jun 25, 2010 (TUR) -- "Cemile", a novel of renowned Turkish author Orhan Kemal, was published in Spain.
The previous president, Orhan Kemal Cengiz, who is another columnist for this newspaper, Tahir Elci and I gathered together in Ankara nearly two weeks ago for a dinner and we laughed blackly at the current situation of Turkey.
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He went down in history as acting the role of 'Dubara' in script 'Murtaza' written by Orhan Kemal which was turned into cinema by Tunc BaE-aran.