Oribe, Manuel(mänwĕl` ōrē`bā), d. 1857, president of Uruguay (1834–38). After serving with José Gervasio Artigas, he became one of the Thirty-three Immortals who raised the standard of independence under Juan LavallejaLavalleja, Juan Antonio
, c.1786–1853, Uruguayan revolutionist. After serving under José Gervasio Artigas, Lavalleja was imprisoned for a short time by Brazil, then in control of Uruguay.
..... Click the link for more information. . He succeeded Fructuoso RiveraRivera, Fructuoso
, 1790?–1854, first president of Uruguay (1830–34, 1839–42). After serving with Artigas, he was one of the Thirty-three Immortals who raised the standard of independence under Juan Antonio Lavalleja.
..... Click the link for more information. as president and became friendly with the Argentine dictator, Juan Manuel de RosasRosas, Juan Manuel de
, 1793–1877, Argentine dictator, governor of Buenos Aires prov. (1829–32, 1835–52). As a boy he served under Jacques de Liniers against the British invaders of the Rio de la Plata (1806–7).
..... Click the link for more information. . He lost the support of Rivera, who revolted (1836) and forced him to resign (1838). With the help of Lavalleja and Rosas, the exiled Oribe began the long civil war that nearly destroyed Uruguay. It was marked especially by the eight-year siege (1843–51) of Montevideo, but a combined force of Brazilians, rebellious Argentines under UrquizaUrquiza, Justo José de
, 1801–70, Argentine general and politician, president of the confederation (1854–60). As the caudillo of Entre Ríos prov., he helped sustain the power of Juan Manuel de Rosas.
..... Click the link for more information. , and the besieged (the Colorados) finally defeated Oribe's party (the Blancos).