Orientale

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Orientale

(ôrēäNtäl`), formerly

Haut-Zaïre

(ōt-zäēr`), former province, c.204,000 sq mi (528,360 sq km), N Congo (Kinshasa). KisanganiKisangani
, formerly Stanleyville,
city (1996 est. pop. 500,000), capital of Tshopo prov., N central Congo (Kinshasa), a port on the Congo River. The city is the terminus of steamer navigation on the Congo from Kinshasa and is a transportation center for NE Congo.
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 was the capital. Orientale bordered the Central African Republic and South Sudan on the north and Uganda on the east. The province was the political stronghold of Patrice LumumbaLumumba, Patrice Emergy
, 1925–61, prime minister (1960) of the Republic of the Congo (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo). A member of the Batatele tribe, he was educated in mission schools and later worked as a postal clerk.
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. In 1960, Lumumba's followers, led by Antoine Gizenga and centered at Kisangani (then Stanleyville), attempted to establish a government to rival the central government at Kinshasa (then Leopoldville). The Stanleyville regime controlled most of the region until the central government reestablished control in 1962. There were further rebellions throughout the 1960s. The province was divided into four provinces in 2015: Bas-Uele (NW), Haut-Uele (NE), Ituri (SE), and Tshopo (SW).