Origanum


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Origanum

 

a genus of plants of the family Labiatae. They are perennial herbs with elongated, ovate leaves and small pink or pinkish-purple flowers in paniculate-cymose inflorescences. There are more than 20 species in Europe (primarily in the Mediterranean area) and Southwest Asia. Five species grow in the USSR; they are widespread in the European part, the Caucasus, and southern Siberia. Wild marjoram (O. vulgare) is found in dry meadows, clearings, and light forests. The herb contains essential oil, tannin, and ascorbic acid. The dried flowers and leaves are used in decoctions for atonia of the intestine and as an expectorant.Origanum is a component of sudorific tea and is also used in baths. The leaves are used as a condiment and a seasoning in food and in the production of liqueurs and vodka. The plant is nectariferous. Animals will not eat Origanum. Sometimes Majorana is included in the same genus, but usually it is considered to be a separate genus.

REFERENCES

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
Prianoaromaticheskie rasteniia SSSR i ikh ispol’zovanie v pishchevoi promyshlennosti. Moscow, 1963.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Preliminary phytochemical analysis: The crude extract of Origanum vulgare, was screen for the presence of different phytochemical groups such as alkaloids, saponins, coumarins, sterols, terpenes, tannins and flavonoids by using different methods of extract: Group A:Ethanolic extract.
Produccion de oregano (Origanum sp) con fertilizacion nitrogenada en suelos arenosos de Corrientes.
(2014) found the spathulenol as the most abundant component in the essential oil of Scutia buxifolia Reissek, also found in Origanum vulgare.
All of the commonly used thyme species in Turkey belong to this family and these species belong to the genera Origanum, Thymbra, Coridotyhmus, Satureja, and Thymus (Baydar et al.,2004).
The herbs used in the experiments were supplied by Fares Bio Vital Laboratories, Romania: thistle (Silybum marianum L.)-[Y.sub.thistle], hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)-[Y.sub.hawthorn], sage (Salvia officinalis L.)-[Y.sub.sage], and marjoram (Origanum vulgare L.)-[Y.sub.marjoram].
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the oral acute toxicity of Origanum majorana collected in Morocco and its potential cytotoxic against human breast MDA-MB231 and colon HT-29 cell lines.
Tudela, "Origanum vulgare and Thymbra capitata essential oils from Spain: determination of aromatic profile and bioactivities," Natural Product Communications, vol.
Ejemplo de lo anterior son el timol y el carvacrol (o cymophenol), presente en las plantas de la familia Origanum, Thymus, Coridothymus, Thymbra, Satureja y Lippia que han presentado acciones antimicrobianas (Ayrle et al., 2016; Baser, 2008; Betancourt-Lopez, 2012; Jugl-Chizzola et al., 2006; Windisch et al., 2008) e inmunomoduladoras (Stelter et al., 2013), asi como de saborizante de alimentos.
Moreover, although oregano oil has been reported to be a strong and highly active substance in polymer films, precious little information is available on combining chitosan and marjoram oil, which stems from the same Origanum genus.