Origanum

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Related to Origanum syriacum: Origanum vulgare, Origanum majorana

Origanum

 

a genus of plants of the family Labiatae. They are perennial herbs with elongated, ovate leaves and small pink or pinkish-purple flowers in paniculate-cymose inflorescences. There are more than 20 species in Europe (primarily in the Mediterranean area) and Southwest Asia. Five species grow in the USSR; they are widespread in the European part, the Caucasus, and southern Siberia. Wild marjoram (O. vulgare) is found in dry meadows, clearings, and light forests. The herb contains essential oil, tannin, and ascorbic acid. The dried flowers and leaves are used in decoctions for atonia of the intestine and as an expectorant.Origanum is a component of sudorific tea and is also used in baths. The leaves are used as a condiment and a seasoning in food and in the production of liqueurs and vodka. The plant is nectariferous. Animals will not eat Origanum. Sometimes Majorana is included in the same genus, but usually it is considered to be a separate genus.

REFERENCES

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
Prianoaromaticheskie rasteniia SSSR i ikh ispol’zovanie v pishchevoi promyshlennosti. Moscow, 1963.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Screening Chemical Composition and in Vitro Antioxidant and Antimicobial Activities of the Essential Oils from Origanum syriacum L.
In recent years, essential oils have received much attention as potentially useful bioactive compounds against insects essential oils from plants like Myrtus comunis, Origanum syriacum, Laventula stoechos and pure compounds like thymol, carvacrol and a- pinene have been documented for larvicidal activities towards Culex pipens molestus (Traboulsi et al., 2002).
Thyme (Origanum syriacum), a perennial shrub belongs to family Lamiaceae, its common name is Syrian Origanum [3] found as wild plant and it is native to Mediterranean regions [16], also it is considered as one of plant species with aromatic and medicinal properties found in Lebanon (El Beyrouthy et al 2008).
The essential oil of thyme (Origanum syriacum) showed significant increase in quantity obtained when undergo hydrodistillation after soaking and by addition of sodium chloride during separation in which these conditions can increase yield with no effect on quality as occur in our study.
An annual variation in essential oil composition of Origanum syriacum from southeast Anatolia of Turkey.
Chemical analysis of essential oil from Lebanese wild and cultivated Origanum syriacum L.