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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) An authentic, original text, as opposed to a copy.

(2) In publishing, the typewritten manuscript and graphic material from which a printed publication is made. The original copy is carefully prepared at the publishing house—for example, it is proofread and the typeface, type size, and page size are specified. Graphic material may consist of line drawings, tables, graphs, photographs, transparencies (negatives), and similar materials. In reprinting, a copy of the previous edition usually serves as the original. An original may be coded on punched or magnetic tape.



(1) A firsthand object used as a model for reproductions.

(2) A painting or document composed firsthand.

(3) The complete author’s text of a literary work, as distinguished from a translation, rough draft, or revision.

(4) A work of fine art, as distinguished from a copy or forgery.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
But as the original species (I) differed largely from (A), standing nearly at the extreme points of the original genus, the six descendants from (I) will, owing to inheritance, differ considerably from the eight descendants from (A); the two groups, moreover, are supposed to have gone on diverging in different directions.
And the two new families, or orders, will have descended from two species of the original genus; and these two species are supposed to have descended from one species of a still more ancient and unknown genus.
Most of my likenesses do look unamiable; but the very sufficient reason, I fancy, is, because the originals are so.
The currents are too feeble"; second, Gray the CONVERT, who wrote frankly to Bell in 1877, "I do not claim the credit of inventing it"; and third, Gray the CLAIMANT, who endeavored to prove in 1886 that he was the original inventor.
And the third was the very significant fact that no one challenged Bell's claim to be the original inventor of the telephone until his patent was seventeen months old.
Gill, Eugene Didier, Sarah Helen Whitman and others these scandals have been dispelled and Poe is seen as he actually was-not as a man without failings, it is true, but as the finest and most original genius in American letters.
I am simply, in my original state-- stripped of that blood-bleached robe with which Christianity covers human deformity--a cold, hard, ambitious man.
Won in youth to religion, she has cultivated my original qualities thus:- From the minute germ, natural affection, she has developed the overshadowing tree, philanthropy.
Further analysis of those records identified additional companies acting in concert with the original subject business or having the same ownership ancestry.
Provision of repairs and patches to software (whether as an entitlement following an original sale of electronically delivered software or under a separate maintenance agreement).
Original construction materials are also likely to be showing signs of serious decay, with weak concrete, inadequate cover to reinforcement, concrete carbonation, and high alumina cements being common causes of premature decay and failure.

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