Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


state, India: see OdishaOdisha
, formerly Orissa
, state (2001 provisional pop. 36,706,920), 60,162 sq mi (155,820 sq km), E India, on the Bay of Bengal. Bhubaneswar is the capital. The relatively unindented coastline (c.
..... Click the link for more information.



a state in India, in the eastern part of the Hindustan Peninsula. It has an area of 156,000 sq km and a population of 21.9 million (1971), most of whom are Oriya. About 8 percent of the people live in towns. The administrative center is Bhubaneswar.

Along the Bay of Bengal stretches a low-lying coastal plain, much of it occupied by the deltas of the Mahanadi, Brahmani, and Baitarani rivers. The slightly indented coast provides no good natural harbors. The Eastern Ghats, composed mainly of granite and gneiss, run parallel to the coast, rising to altitudes of 1,000–1,500 m. The eastern rim of the Deccan Plateau occupies a large part of the state. Orissa has a subequatorial monsoonal climate and receives up to 1,500 mm of precipitation annually. The mountain slopes are covered with dense deciduous monsoon forests, chiefly of sal and teak. Along the coast grow mangrove thickets. The plains have been almost completely plowed up.

Orissa is an agricultural state with a developing industry. About four-fifths of the population is employed in agriculture, which is oriented toward the raising of food crops. About four-fifths of the sown area is devoted to rice, and in the forested hilly regions the chief crops are legumes and millet. Orissa is the fourth leading producer of jute among the Indian states, and small amounts of cotton, oil-seed crops, and sugarcane are also grown. Since independence an irrigation system has been built in the Mahanadi river basin. There is fishing along the coast and on Lake Chilka.

Manganese, iron ore, and chromite are mined in Orissa. Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, and Sundargarh are the leading mining centers. Many of the state’s manufacturing enterprises have been established since independence. Large industries include a government-owned ferrous metallurgy plant and a mineral fertilizer plant at Raurkela; an aluminum plant and factories producing cables and rolled steel at Hirakud; ferromanganese plants at Joda and Rayagada; cement factories at Rajgangpur and Bargarh; refractories at Rajgangpur and elsewhere; and several cotton mills. There are government-owned hydroelectric power plants at Hirakud and Machkund. Handicrafts include weaving and the fashioning of artistic objects from silver and stone.


Historical survey. Orissa as a historical region derives its name from the principal inhabitants of the region, the Oriya. In antiquity the area was part of the powerful Kalinga state. From 1038 to 1435 Orissa was subjugated by the Ganga dynasty and from 1435 to 1540 by the Gajapati kings. In 1568, Orissa was conquered by the Muslim rulers of Bengal, and in 1576 by the Mughals. From 1714 to 1747 it was under the control of the Bengal Nawabs, and later of the Marathas. After Orissa became a possession of the British East India Company (1803), a large revolt against the British colonialists broke out in the area (1817–18). In 1936 it was constituted a separate province. After India gained its independence in 1947, Orissa became a state.


a state of E India, on the Bay of Bengal: part of the province of Bihar and Orissa (1912--36); enlarged by the addition of 25 native states in 1949. Capital: Bhubaneswar. Pop.: 36 706 920 (2001). Area: 155 707 sq. km (60 119 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, the CBI conducted search operations at eight places (in Delhi Orissa and Lucknow), including Quddusi's residence in Delhi's Greater Kailash.
This transaction, which is due to close on 27 February 2015, is the result of a competitive bidding process, with Orissa attracting investment interest from the US, Australia, and local businesses.
The victim's family named few suspects in the FIR and the Orissa police started investigating the case seriously, following huge condemnations from the media fraternity of India.
Thousands of endangered Olive Ridley turtles make their way to the Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary in Orissa every year to lay their eggs in the warm sands.
In this regard, High Commissioner emphasized that potential now exists for reviving cultural and trade contacts through measures that can benefit both Sri Lanka and Orissa and engendering greater people to people contacts.
The state administration stepped up rescue and relief efforts after incessant rains over the last week affected almost 4,000 villages across the coastal and western parts of Orissa.
Orissa Cricket Association (OCA) secretary Asirbad Behera announced yesterday that "Bevan has in principle agreed to render his service from October 2011 to February 2012".
Iron ore supplies halted in the third quarter as Orissa Mining Corp.
The ratings continue to reflect the Orissa Concrete groupa[euro](tm)s small scale of operations in the concrete sleepers industry and weak financial risk profile marked by a small net worth.
The report slams the Orissa government, saying it turned a blind eye to these violations.
Amtek Metal and Mining Limited signed a memorandum with the Orissa government.
It comprised readings from the Bible, intercessory prayers and hymns in Oriya, the main language of Orissa.