Oriya


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Oriya

(ôrē`yə) or

Odia

(ôdē`ə), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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Oriya

 

a people in India; the main population of Orissa State. Population, 19,720,000 (1971, census). Their language is Oriya.

In ancient times the ancestors of the Oriya lived in Kalinga, and later they came under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties and the rule of Harsha (seventh century) and the Great Moguls (16th to 19th centuries). After India’s independence, the national territory of the Oriya became a separate state. More than 90 percent of the people live in villages and engage in farming (mainly rice and millet); palms and betel palms are also cultivated. The Oriya are skillful jewelers and stone carvers, and few engage in industrial work. About 95 percent of the Oriya are Hindus. The Oriya temples in Bhubaneswar, Puri, and Konarak are among the finest examples of Indian art.

REFERENCE

Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.

Oriya

 

one of the main languages of India, spoken in Orissa State (eastern India) by 19.7 million people (1971 census).

Oriya belongs to the Indo-Aryan group of the Indo-European language family. Dialect differentiation is weakly expressed; Bhatri, a transitional dialect between Oriya and Marathi, is distinctive. Phonologically, Oriya is opposed to the majority of its related languages by its retention of final short vowels. Morphologically it reflects a transition from inflectional to agglutinative structure. In noun inflection, the polysemous inflectional endings, which are traceable only in rudimentary forms, have given way to new monosemous affixes developed on the basis of auxiliary words. The verb conjugation, which in practice has preserved only one set of primary endings, is based mainly on secondary synthetic (participial) and analytic forms, in which the auxiliary verb is the inflected component. Written records of early Oriya date to the 11th to 13th centuries. Modern Oriya took shape in the mid-19th century. A special form of script is used for Oriya.

REFERENCE

Karpushkin, B. M. Iazyk oriia. Moscow, 1964.

G. A. ZOGRAF

References in periodicals archive ?
cotta-: Sindhi, Lahnda, Panjabi, West Pahari, Hindi, Oriya, Gujarati.
In the present study we considered Oriya Hindu Male (OHM) as the majority group and the other four groups, non-Oriya Hindu Male (NOHM), Oriya
He discusses how dancers like Chandralekha, Kumudini Lakhia, Manjusri Chaki Sircar, Navtej Singh Johar, and Ramli Ibrahim, to name a few, have extended the tradition, and what Oriya dancers can attempt.
Due to a shortage of teachers, the sewing and music teachers have been assigned to teach the economics, geography, and history classes; similarly, the Hindi and Sanskrit language teachers also manage Oriya and English language classes in the Ardabahal Kanyashram.
The priests are Oriyas; and archaeology is alien to traditional Oriya thought.
Fifty one million spoke Urdu, 46 million Gujarati, 40 million Kannada, 35 million Malayalam, 33 million Oriya, 30 million Punjabi, 15 million Assamese, 6.
Apart from English and Hindi, the book will be made available in 11 regional languages, namely, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.
There will be one Hindi movie, one Bengali movie, one Oriya movie and five Malayalam movies," Riju Ram, the organiser who has been authorised to organise Indian movies at the film fest, said.
While most books from the US, UK and Europe are digitized and available in a proper e-book format, even popular classics written in Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, Telugu, Marathi, Kannada, Oriya, etc.
The star has also sung to the soundtracks of several films from the sub-continent including Hindi, Kannada, Urdu, Oriya, Tamil, Assamese, Punjabi, Bengali, Malayalam, Marathi, Telugu and Nepali.
htm) January , already supports 11 different Indian dialects - Kannada, Hindi, Gujarati, Bengali, Oriya, Assamese, Punjabi, Marathi, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil.
Akshay Kumar Parija's second offering 'Thukul' (Freeze), an Oriya language film was released earlier in 2012 and has won accolades with record breaking five State Film Awards in the state of Odisha in India.