Orkhon


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Orkhon

(ôr`kŏn, ôr-khŏn`), river, c.300 mi (480 km) long, rising in the Khangai Mts., N central Republic of Mongolia, and flowing east, then north, past the site of ancient Karakorum, and then northeast to join the Selenga River just S of the Russian border. It is navigable for shallow-draft vessels only during July and August. The Orkhon Inscriptions, discovered in 1889 by the Russian explorer N. M. Yadrinstev near the site of ancient Karakorum, date from the 8th cent. They comprise minor Chinese texts and the oldest known material in a Turkic language. They were studied in 1891 by the Russian turkologist V. V. Radlov and were deciphered by the Danish philologist Vilhelm Thomsen in 1896.

Orkhon

 

a river in the Mongolian People’s Republic, a right tributary of the Selenga River. It measures 1,124 km long and drains an area of 132,800 sq km.

The Orkhon originates in the Khangai Range. Its valley in the upper course is narrow, in places canyon-like; here the river has a waterfall approximately 20 m high. The middle Orkhon meanders through a deep valley. After emerging from the mountains, the river widens to 100–150 m. The mean flow rate near the mouth is approximately 120 cu m per sec. In spring there is high water from melting seasonal snow; in summer there are flash floods. The Orkhon is frozen from November through April. It is navigable as far as the city of Sukhe-Bator, and during high water as far as the mouth of the Tola River. Timber is floated on the Orkhon.

References in periodicals archive ?
She will face Mongolia's Orkhon Purevdorj in the finals.
Press, 1994), 65, simply states that "in 924-5 A-pao-chi led a great expedition into the steppe, which conquered the tribes of northern Mongolia and reached as far as the old Uighur capital city Ordu Baliq [sic], on the Orkhon River." There is no suggestion of a war with the Kirghiz, or a Kirghiz presence in Mongolia, but neither are the "tribes of northern Mongolia" identified.
Tynybekova became the second at the 2018 Asian Games in Indonesia losing to the Mongolian athlete Orkhon Purevdorzh.
Kyrgyzstani wrestler Aisuluu Tynybekova might get a gold medal after a doping test of Mongolia's Orkhon Purevdorj, whom she lost at the Asian Games 2018 women's 62 kg finale on August 20, came out positive.
Four companies of Orkhon aimag will export 4000 tons of meat to the Russian Federation, the People's Republic of China and the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2018-2019, Montsame reports.
He said traces of the Mongolian-Turkish ties could be seen in the monuments of Bilge Khan, Kul-Tegin and Tonyukuk in the Orkhon Valley.
A groundbreaking ceremony for the China-funded expansion of a thermal power plant was held in Erdenet, the capital city of the northern Mongolian province of Orkhon on Friday, Xinhua reports.
Orkhon aimag has two disposal sites, covering 83.3 ha of land in total.
(2.) Talat Tekin, A Grammar of Orkhon Turkic (Bloomington: Indiana Univ.