Orkhon


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Orkhon

(ôr`kŏn, ôr-khŏn`), river, c.300 mi (480 km) long, rising in the Khangai Mts., N central Republic of Mongolia, and flowing east, then north, past the site of ancient Karakorum, and then northeast to join the Selenga River just S of the Russian border. It is navigable for shallow-draft vessels only during July and August. The Orkhon Inscriptions, discovered in 1889 by the Russian explorer N. M. Yadrinstev near the site of ancient Karakorum, date from the 8th cent. They comprise minor Chinese texts and the oldest known material in a Turkic language. They were studied in 1891 by the Russian turkologist V. V. Radlov and were deciphered by the Danish philologist Vilhelm Thomsen in 1896.

Orkhon

 

a river in the Mongolian People’s Republic, a right tributary of the Selenga River. It measures 1,124 km long and drains an area of 132,800 sq km.

The Orkhon originates in the Khangai Range. Its valley in the upper course is narrow, in places canyon-like; here the river has a waterfall approximately 20 m high. The middle Orkhon meanders through a deep valley. After emerging from the mountains, the river widens to 100–150 m. The mean flow rate near the mouth is approximately 120 cu m per sec. In spring there is high water from melting seasonal snow; in summer there are flash floods. The Orkhon is frozen from November through April. It is navigable as far as the city of Sukhe-Bator, and during high water as far as the mouth of the Tola River. Timber is floated on the Orkhon.

References in periodicals archive ?
There are numerous mentions of Biblical figures such as the sons of Adam, and Lydia; Hittite and Roman civilizations; Orkhon inscriptions, written the Old Turkic Script; and the Ottoman Empire that are all used as evidence to indict the suspects.
Amonzholov's Old Turkic Verb Formation Structure all capture Orkhon inscriptions as one of the language materials of Old Turkic.
This means the Turks were located further west; in the sixth century they were along the Orkhon and Yenesei Rivers.
The agreement was signed by Kim Pastega, vice president and general manager of the 767 Program, Boeing Commercial Airplanes, and Orkhon Tseyen-Oidov, president and CEO of MIAT Mongolian Airlines, at the U.
This volume begins with description of the environmental characteristics of the upper and middle Orkhon Valley.
Speaking to reporters before the private meeting in Istanbul, Eroglu said under the project construction of a dam over the Orkhon river was planned in order to generate electricity and supply water to the mining facilities in Southern Mongolia, irrigation systems as well as drinking water networks.
It's highly possible that moose populations inhabiting the area east of Baikal Lake (Ditsevich 1990) and further east in steppe valleys of the Selenga and Orkhon basins, and in northeast China also belong to this subspecies.
It covers subjects that range from the classification of Turkic languages to religion, literature, the arts, and general lifestyle; from the inception of Turkic history documented by Runic inscriptions on the Orkhon River in Mongolia, to the rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire and the birth of the Republic of Turkey; from the shamanistic cults of Turks in Siberia to Islam, whose standard-bearers were the Ottoman Turks confronting Europe in the Balkans and the Mediterranean.
Roth F, Zinsstag J, Orkhon D, Chimed-Ochir G, Hutton G, Cosivi O, et al.
With funding from the Global Fund, the programme has been gradually expanded to cover 11 of 21 provinces in the country (Darkhan-Uul, Selenge, Orkhon, Uvurkhangai, Dornod, Khubsugul, Khovd, Zavkhan, Dornogobi, Tuv and nine districts of the capital Ulaanbaatar).
Khar Balgas is located in the broad valley of the Orkhon River, 24km north of Kharkhorum, the future capital of the Mongol empire.
century Orkhon Monuments built by Gokturks, Khan is resembled to Gok Tanri/Sky God and women to Umay.