The earliest examples of stage III are found in the second continuation of the Peterborough Chronicle (petchront.tag) and the Ormulum
She then guides the reader into the SEL from the long perspective first of mid-thirteenth-century politics and other vernacular narratives (Cursor mundi, Handling Synne, and Ormulum
) and, secondly, of other contemporary narrative modes: popular instruction and romance, travel narrative, and the liturgy.
Includes: Nicholas Watson and Fiona Somerset, "Preface: On 'Vernacular'"; Nicholas Watson, "Introduction: King Solomon's Tablets"; Meg Worley, "Using the Ormulum
to Redefine Vernacularity"; Claire M.
In the course of a recent investigation of the OrMulum
manuscript (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Junius 1),(1) patient scrutiny of the text (including erased passages) led to the identification of three words not previously recorded in the Ormulum
,(2) and, indeed, rare elsewhere.
Robinson asks 'Did Grendel's Mother sit on Beowulf?', again using the Toronto Concordance to seek out instances of ofsittan; and Robert Burchfield briefly lists and comments on 'Line-End Hyphens in the Ormulum
Manuscript (MS Junius 1)'.
Augustinian canon, author of an early Middle English book of metrical homilies on the Gospels, to which he gave the title Ormulum
, "because Orm made it." The work (dated on linguistic evidence to about 1200) is of little literary interest but of great value to linguists, for Orm invented an individual and remarkably consistent orthography based on phonetic principles.
the two verbs should in principle be differentiated by the length of the stem vowel through the spelling system peculiar to this text.
Modern scholars perhaps exaggerate the gravity of the errors in White and Holt's edition of The Ormulum
; that, however, is not to say that a new edition is not highly desirable, provided that it is more accurate.
Terry Hoad asks whether there is an Old English weak genitive plural in -an as well as -ena, and concedes 'a certain amount of evidence' for it; Robert Burchfield classifies 'Line-End Hyphens in the Ormulum
Manuscript', Jane Roberts gives 'Some Reflections on the Metre of Christ III ', and Douglas Gray 'A Note on Floris and Blauncheflur'.
, a religious handbook written about 1215, is composed entirely in English.
Holographs like Ormulum
can hardly be found among prose texts from the Innsbruck Corpus, with the notable exception of epistolary literature.
As opposed to previous studies, which usually attempt to refute the traditional interpretation put on the use of double consonants in The Ormulum
, and attempt to advance an alternative explanation for the abnormally frequent use of <CC> digraphs, the current study primarily focuses on the standard view, which assumes that the scribe of MS Junius 1 applied double consonant graphemes to indicate vowel shortness.