Ornamentation


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Ornamentation

Any adjunct or detail used to adorn, decorate, or embellish the appearance or general effect of an object.

Ornamentation

 

the embellishment of vocal and instrumental melodies. Originally, the embellishment of a melody with supplementary melodic figurations was introduced by a performer in the form of improvisation. Gradually, standard types of embellishments developed, which were indicated in the music by the composer himself. Ornamentation was developed particularly in French harpsichord music, where, to compensate for the quickly fading sounds characteristic of the harpsichord, embellishments served to prolong tones. A prominent role in the development of vocal ornamentation was played by Italian opera.

Short melodic embellishments are called melismata and include the Vorschlag, mordent, gruppetto, and trill. Melismata are denoted in the music by small notes or special signs. The most developed embellishments include melodic figuration, fioriture, virtuoso passaggi, and coloraturas.

REFERENCES

Iurovskii, A. [Introduction.] In the collection Frantsuzskaia klavesinnaia muzyka. Moscow, 1934.
Beyschlag, A. Die Ornamentik der Musik, 2nd ed. Leipzig, 1953.
References in classic literature ?
These apparently circled the tower at six-foot intervals, in bands six feet apart; and as each stone cylinder protruded some four or five inches beyond the surface of the other ornamentation, they presented a comparatively easy mode of ascent could I but reach them.
In the ornamentation of the buildings there was considerable color and a great deal of what appeared to be gold leaf.
A few moments later Gahan of Gathol emerged from the room a warrior of Manator in every detail of harness, equipment, and ornamentation.
All were males, and all were entirely naked; nor was there upon even the highest among them a sign of ornamentation.
The larger number are of roughly chiselled brown or gray native stone, and only in a few cases is there any attempt at ornamentation.
He had resumed the mustachios to which his services at Waterloo entitled him, and swaggered about on deck in a magnificent velvet cap with a gold band and a profuse ornamentation of pins and jewellery about his person.
Mr Wegg also noticed, with admiring eyes, that, while the flowery land displayed such hollow ornamentation as stuffed birds and waxen fruits under glass- shades, there were, in the territory where vegetation ceased, compensatory shelves on which the best part of a large pie and likewise of a cold joint were plainly discernible among other solids.
Megaspore ornamentation patterns are the most important character for identifying Isoetes throughout North America.
This project is intended to restore the integrity of the museum, stop the roof leakages, fix the museum ornamentation, restore the historic carports, protect the public safety, and minimize costly maintenance.
This is largely accounted for by the decision to trim a recitative, airs and a chorus from the final stages of the work, but it seemed throughout that conductor David Angus insisted on rapid tempos, so that there was little let up in the pace, apart from some cadences where the beat was suspended to allow soloists to execute attractive ornamentation.
The original Art Deco ornamentation and brick facade are being restored, and the building's iconic crown, removed in the 1950s, is being refabricated and restored.
There is an Ornament Symbol Chart plus a reference to "The Essential Guide to Irish Flute and Tin Whistle" (by the same author) for further information on ornamentation.