Ornithischia


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Related to Ornithischia: Saurischia

Ornithischia

[‚ȯr·nə′this·kē·ə]
(paleontology)
An order of extinct terrestrial reptiles, popularly known as dinosaurs; distinguished by a four-pronged pelvis, and a median, toothless predentary bone at the front of the lower jaw.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ornithischia

 

an order of fossil reptiles of the superorder Dinosauria. The pubic bone of the tetraradiate pelvis had a developed posterior appendage (as in birds). The anterior, toothless part of the jaws was clad in a horny jacket and resembled a bill. The teeth were laterally compressed, with leaflike crowns. The distal phalanges of the digits in late ornithischians were flattened into hooves. The reptiles were herbivorous, with the earliest ones possibly being omnivorous. Many possessed defensive adaptations in the form of cutaneous scutella, spines, or horns. There were six (or four) suborders, including Stegosau-ria, Ankylosauria, and Ceratopsia. Ornithischians lived in the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2010a): A new basal iguanodont (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the Wealden (Lower Cretaceous) of England.
(1986): On the anatomy of Iguanodon atherfieldensis (Ornithischia: Ornithopoda).
(1998): On Asian ornithopods (Dinosauria: Ornithischia).
(2006): Restos directos de dinosaurios (Saurischia, Ornithischia) en el Barremiense (Cretacico Inferior) de la Cordillera Iberica en Aragon (Teruel, Espana).
X Sauropoda Titanosauria Lirainosaurus astibiae X X X Ornithischia Ornithopoda Ornithopoda indet.
(1988): Zur Fundgeschichte und Systematik der Ornithopoden (Ornithischia, Reptilia) aus der Ober-Kreide von Europa.
(1985): British plated dinosaurs (Ornithischia, Stegosauridae).
(2008): Systematics and phylogeny of Stegosauria (Dinosauria: Ornithischia).
(2000): Restos de dinosaurios (Saurischia, Ornithischia) del Barremiense superior (Cretacico inferior) de Castellote (Teruel) en el Museum National d'Histoire Naturell de Paris.
(2003): Dinosaurios (Saurischia, Ornithischia) en el Barremiense (Cretacico Inferior) de la Peninsula Iberica.