Ornithodoros


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Ornithodoros

 

a genus of argasid ticks (Argasidae). The elongated, flattened body is capable of greatly increasing in size during bloodsucking owing to its elastic folded covering. There are about 40 species, distributed mainly in the tropics and sub-tropics. Seven species are found in the USSR, in Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, the Crimea, Moldavia, and the Caucasus. The ticks live in the burrows, nests, and temporary shelters of mammals, birds, and reptiles. They feed on the blood of these animals. O. papillipes, which is found in Middle Asia, and O. verrucosus, which is found in the Caucasus, are carriers of the causative agents of relapsing fever in man.

REFERENCE

Filippova, N. A. Argasovye kleshchi (Argasidae). Moscow-Leningrad, 1966. (Fauna SSSR: Paukoobraznye, vol. 4, issue 3.)
References in periodicals archive ?
El virus ha sido aislado de las garrapatas Hyalomma dromedariiy Ornithodoros savignyi, las cuales parasitan a camellos (38).
Aransas Bay virus has been isolated from the soft tick Ornithodoros capensis, a parasite of seabirds (19,23).
One endosymbiont found in Ornithodoros capensis, a tick commonly found in seabird nests, is closely related to C burnetii.
The epidemiology and geographic distribution of relapsing fever Borreliosis in West and North Africa, with a review of the Ornithodoros erraticus complex (Acari: Ixodida).
TBRF is transmitted from the bite of an infected soft body tick (family Argasidae) of the genus Ornithodoros.
Ornithodoros hasei has been found in association with species of the genus Artibeus, Phyllostomus, Noctilio, Rhogeeesa and Molossus for Colombia (Marinkelle and Grose, 1981).
In North America, TBRF primarily is caused by Borrelia hermsii spirochetes transmitted by Ornithodoros hermsii ticks (1).
Contribution to the life-history and habits of the spinose ear tick, Ornithodoros megnini.
The Pajaroello (pa-ha-WAY-lo) tick, Ornithodoros coriaceus, is responsible for transmitting the causative agent (a deltaproteobacterium) when it feeds on a pregnant cow.
First report of Ornithodoros sphenlscus (Acari: Ixoidea: Argasidae) from the Humboldt penguin in Chile.
In addition some other genera of Ixodidae, such as Dermacentor and Rhipicephalus, can also support the virus infection; the virus is also detected in Ornithodoros and Argas ticks as well (Tahmasebi et al.