Ornithodoros


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ornithodoros

 

a genus of argasid ticks (Argasidae). The elongated, flattened body is capable of greatly increasing in size during bloodsucking owing to its elastic folded covering. There are about 40 species, distributed mainly in the tropics and sub-tropics. Seven species are found in the USSR, in Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, the Crimea, Moldavia, and the Caucasus. The ticks live in the burrows, nests, and temporary shelters of mammals, birds, and reptiles. They feed on the blood of these animals. O. papillipes, which is found in Middle Asia, and O. verrucosus, which is found in the Caucasus, are carriers of the causative agents of relapsing fever in man.

REFERENCE

Filippova, N. A. Argasovye kleshchi (Argasidae). Moscow-Leningrad, 1966. (Fauna SSSR: Paukoobraznye, vol. 4, issue 3.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Even if China is able to stop the virus transmitting from pig to pig, two other disease vectors may frustrate eradication efforts: wild boars and Ornithodoros ticks.
Ecological niche modeling and distribution of Ornithodoros hermsi associated with tick-borne relapsing fever in western North America.
In the United States, TBRF most often occurs in western states and is usually transmitted by bites of Ornithodoros spp.
Obtained results showed that seven out of 2.610 ticks were (0.27 %) Argasidae (six Argas persicus and one Ornithodoros spp.
Noble Egekwu, Daniel E Sonenshine, and their team, published in the journal Insect Molecular Biology (2016 25: 72-92), they reported that "Illumina GAII high-throughput sequencing was used to compare expressed genes for female synganglion neuropeptides, neuropeptide receptors and neurotransmitter receptors of the soft tick Ornithodoros turicata with the hard tick Ixodes scapularis."
Anaplasmosis as reported from different parts of the world was transmitted by ticks of the genera Boophilus, Dermacentor, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes, Hyalomma, Argas and Ornithodoros (Khan et al., 2004).
First detection of African Swine Fever Virus in Ornithodoros porcinus in Madagascar and new insights into tick distribution and taxonomy.
(2006) Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaudicium brasilianum) and Eastern Screech-Owl (Megascopes asio): New hosts for Philornis mimicola (Diptera: Miscidae) and Ornithodoros concanensis (Acari: Argasidae).
One endosymbiont found in Ornithodoros capensis, a tick commonly found in seabird nests, is closely related to C burnetii.