Ornithophily


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Ornithophily: ornithophilous

Ornithophily

 

the cross-pollination of flowers by birds (hummingbirds, sunbirds). Ornithophily characterizes mostly tropical plants.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
aurisetus species with intermediate attributes between chiropterophily and ornithophily syndromes.
Pollination syndrome (PS): OR = ornithophily, ME = melittophily, EN = entomophily, CEI = chirophiterophily and SH = Sphingophily.
Ornithophily and extrafloral color patterns in Columnea florida (Morton) Morton (Gesneriaceae).
However, flower colour does seem to be associated with certain pollination syndromes, such as ornithophily, phalenophily, and chiropterophily (Grant, 1966; Leal et al.
7 shrub phalenophily Melocactus zehntneri (Britton & Rose) 6 shrub ornithophily Luetzelburg Tacinga inamoena K.
Table I Characters of ornithophily found in neotropical Vaccinieae that are seen as adaptations for hummingbird pollination Montane habitats; sun-loving terrestrial and epiphytic lifestyles Inflorescences with numerous flowers, usually horizontally oriented or pendent, facing outward, often opening for a long time Absence of a landing place Flowers often with protective (and colorful) bracts Flowers odorless Flowers often with presence of "parrot" colors; i.
Certainly, the association of hummingbirds with flowers is long-standing; in their study of the origin of plant-animal mutualisms in the woody flora of the temperate forest of southern South America, Aizen and Ezeurra (1998) con cluded that the evolution of ornithophily appears to have taken place well before the climatic cooling and biogeographical isolation of that region in the Tertiary.
speciosa (634 nm) were the species that reflected more intensely in red, from 40 to 50% of reflectance, and that also presented syndrome of ornithophily characterised by tubular corolla and outer reproductive organs.