aurisetus species with intermediate attributes between chiropterophily and ornithophily syndromes.
Pollination syndrome (PS): OR = ornithophily, ME = melittophily, EN = entomophily, CEI = chirophiterophily and SH = Sphingophily.
However, flower colour does seem to be associated with certain pollination syndromes, such as ornithophily, phalenophily, and chiropterophily (Grant, 1966; Leal et al., 2006; Muchhala and Jarrin-V, 2002; Oliveira et al., 2004).
7 shrub phalenophily Melocactus zehntneri (Britton & Rose) 6 shrub ornithophily Luetzelburg Tacinga inamoena K.
Pollination syndromes (especially ornithophily) were identified according to specialists in the area and the technical literature (Faegri and van der Pijl, 1979; Conceicao et al., 2007).
Only five of these 31 plant species (16%) had flowers showing characteristics associated with ornithophily: Ruellia asperula Lindau (Acanthaceae), Melocactus zehntneri (Britton & Rose) Luetzelb., Tacinga inamoena (K.
Given that the percentage of bird pollination is about the same in today's flora as we estimated for the first colonists, we suggest that very few species switched from some other pollination system to ornithophily
. Rather, the proportion of bird-pollinated species represents the successful establishment of ornithophilous colonists.
* PS, Pollination syndrome: Orn, ornithophily
; Mel, melittophily, Chi, chiropterophily; Gen, generalist; Sph, sphingophily; Ent, entomophily.
speciosa (634 nm) were the species that reflected more intensely in red, from 40 to 50% of reflectance, and that also presented syndrome of ornithophily
characterised by tubular corolla and outer reproductive organs.