Oromo


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Oromo

(ōrō`mō) or

Galla

(găl`ə), traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant. Most live in Ethiopia, mainly in the ethnically based state of Oromia; they constitute roughly a third of all Ethiopians.

Originally from N Somalia, they later migrated to the region of Lake Turkana (Lake Rudolf). In the mid-16th cent. they began to move into the Ethiopian highlands. Never a united group, they were not a serious threat to the Ethiopian state. Their raids, however, were a considerable nuisance, and they were able to establish small states in many areas nominally controlled by the Ethiopian emperor. They were used as mercenary soldiers by the Ethiopians.

Oromo separatist guerrillas have campaigned against Ethiopian rule since the 1990s without any significant results; they have also mounted occassional raids into Kenya. The Ethiopian government has typically responded by repressing its opponents, occasionally prompting antigovernment demonstrations. Plans to transfer areas of Oromia neighboring Addis Ababa to the latter's administration led to protests beginning in 2014. The plan was abandoned in 2016, but protests continued in response to thousands of arrests and hundreds of deaths in a government crackdown; protests were also fueled by resentments against foreign-owned factories.

Bibliography

See G. W. B. Huntingford, The Galla of Ethiopia (1955, repr. 1969); H. S. Lewis, A Galla Monarchy (1965).

References in periodicals archive ?
Certainly GDP growth is no accurate repre- sentation of inclusive growth, and even though the country's poverty rate fell to 31% by 2011, the Oromo and Amhara re- gions would argue the boom has benefited only the Addis elites.
Constituting 35% of Ethiopia's population, the Oromo are its largest ethnic group, compared to the Tigrayans who constitute just over 6%.
Certainly GDP growth is no accurate representation of inclusive growth, and even though the country's poverty rate fell to 31% by 2011, the Oromo and Amhara regions would argue the boom has benefited only the Addis elites.
Rallies over land rights then broadened into demonstrations over political restrictions and perceived rights abuses, including the incarceration of Merera Gudina and Bekele Gerba -- leaders of the opposition group the Oromo Federalist Congress.
Mohammed Hassen Ali has been one of North America's leading scholars of Oromo studies.
Key Words: new media technologies, social media, Internet freedom, political protests, Oromo Protests, social movements, Ethiopia, Oromia, Africa, Oromo, Horn of Africa
The Oromo and Amhara communities are facing severe persecution by the Ethiopian government and believe that they are politically marginalised.
Violence has intensified since last Sunday when at least 55 people were killed in clashes between police and protesters at an Oromo festival.
The Oromo are the country's largest ethnic group, constituting 35% of the country's nearly 100mn population.
Merera Gudina, chairperson of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress, told Reuters at least 50 people were killed when people fled after police fired teargas and shots in the air to disperse anti-government protesters at the crowded festival.
The Board will vote on a consent agenda consisting of the minutes of its June 23, 2016 meeting, a resolution honoring the 10th anniversary of Voice of Americas (VOA) Deewa Service, a resolution honoring the 20th anniversary of VOAs broadcasts in Afan Oromo and Tigrigna, a resolution honoring the 20th anniversary of VOAs broadcasts in Kirundi and Kinyarwanda, and a resolution honoring the 20th anniversary of Radio Free Asia.
Yousuf gave an exclusive interview to Al Bawaba about his plight, which provides a glimpse into the Ethiopian government's ongoing crackdown on the ethnic Oromo.