Dysphagia

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Related to Oropharyngeal dysphagia: Esophageal dysphagia

dysphagia

[dis′fā·jə]
(medicine)
Difficulty in swallowing, or inability to swallow, of organic or psychic causation.

Dysphagia

 

difficulty in the act of swallowing.

The causes of dysphagia are inflammations of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, larynx, and mediastinum; foreign bodies; cicatricial stenoses and tumors; and certain nervous conditions. Swallowing is difficult or impossible and painful. Food or liquid get into the nose, larynx, and trachea. Dysphagia is treated by eliminating the primary condition.

References in periodicals archive ?
Evidence based systematic review: Oropharyngeal dysphagia behavioural treatments.
Silent aspiration may then occur and the only sign of oropharyngeal dysphagia is then bronchopneumonia.
He and his colleagues examined four patients--two with pyloric stenosis, one with oropharyngeal dysphagia, and one with a history of gastric surgery--in an effort to perform capsule endoscopy despite contraindications.
33,46] Oropharyngeal dysphagia from a stroke may respond to limited speech therapy.
Oropharyngeal dysphagia in preschool children with cerebral palsy: oral phase impairments.
Oropharyngeal dysphagia after stroke: incidence, diagnosis, and clinical predictors in patients admitted to a neurorehabiitation unit.
Prevalence and symptom profiling of oropharyngeal dysphagia in a community dwelling of an elderly population: a self-reporting questionnaire survey.
Cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs), head injuries, and degenerative diseases are often associated with oropharyngeal dysphagia and can lead to serious and life-threatening consequences, such as aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, and immunocompromised health.
Oropharyngeal dysphagia occurs in the mouth or throat and often results from weakened or uncoordinated muscles that are unable to move foods or liquids to the top of the esophagus.
Another paper, also performed in a hospital situation, comprised a sample of 1470 elders, found a prevalence of 17% of cases of sepsis stemmed from the oropharyngeal dysphagia, being considered as the gravest complication from the swallowing disorders.