Paulus Orosius

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Orosius, Paulus

 

Born circa 380; died 420. Roman historian.

Of Spanish descent, Orosius was a priest and a follower of St. Augustine. His work Seven Books of Histories Against the Pagans, which encompasses events from ancient times until 417, was written upon Augustine’s suggestion in order to expose pagans and heretics. He attempted to prove that Christianity was the salvation of mankind and that the calamities that befell Rome in the early fifth century were retribution for evil deeds of previous centuries.

Orosius periodized world history into four “world kingdoms”: Babylonia, Macedonia, Carthage, and Rome. His work is a compilation of material from the chronicles of Eusebius of Caesarea, Sulpicius Severus, and pagan Roman authors. Of special interest are his books containing excerpts from nonextant works by Livy and Tacitus, and his books containing information on the Black Sea area of the first and second centuries B.C. that is not found in other sources. Orosius’ works were widely known in the Middle Ages.

WORKS

Historiarum adversum paganos libri VII. Edited by C. Zangemeister. Leipzig, 1889.
In Russian translation:
Excerpts from Orosius’ work in Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1949, no. 4, pp. 263–64.
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Orosius, also, compares Babylon's acceptance of servitude to Cyrus of Persia to Rome's being freed from the rule of the Tarquins: "para unryhtwisestana cyninga, para ofermodgestana, pe mon hxt Tarcuinie"--"of the most unrighteous kings, and of the proudest, who people called Tarquin" (qtd.
(66) John Wreglesworth, 'Sallust, Solomon, and the Historia Silense', in From Orosius to the Historia Silense: Four Essays on the Late Antique and Early Medieval Historiography of the Iberian Peninsula, ed.
36, White (1902) has this passage in Dante's Latin (but the medieval spelling of the Latin text is standardised, as given by White): "Nam, ut communiter ab omnibus habetur, haec habitabilis extenditur per lineam longitudinis a Gadibus, quae supra terminos occidentales ab Hercule ponitur, usque ad ostia fluminis Ganges, ut scribit Orosius".
Dante's rationalization is analyzed through the context of the historical philosophical thought of writers such as Augustine, Gratian, Aquinas and Augustine's pupil, Orosius. Hannah Skoda's "Differentiation or Destruction?
' (Breban 2012: 279, Orosius, Bates, 14.35.12-4) In (1a) the masculine [thorn]am ('that') refers back to the antecedent in the previous clause.
Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Gennadius) has been reported as insect vector for the genus begomoviruses in contrast to Mastreviruses, which has been reported to transmit by leafhoppers (Orosius albicinctus Distant) to a range of host plants.
The incidence of the disease ranged from 6 to 57 per cent and was characterized by small leaf, short internode, excessive auxillary proliferation and phyllody symptoms, phyllody disease on aster was first reported during 1988 from Bengaluru, India and known to be transmitted by Orosius albicinctus (Rangaswamy et al., 1988).
Many hundreds of pages are devoted to Appian of Alexandria, Orosius, Otto of Freising, Flavio Biondo, Pedro Mexia, James Harrington, Anquetil-Duperron, Antoine-Yves Goguet, Thomas Carte, and numerous others, to establish the context for Gibbon studies without actually studying Gibbon's relation to the context established.
Unlike his predecessor Ocampo, Morales got rid of the traditional scheme of universal history where the history of Spain was located within the Biblical and Christian frame of reference, created by Eusebius and Orosius, and firmly placed it within the context of Roman Empire's history (OSTENFELD-SUSKE 2012, p.
Goscelin's reading list for Eve included the biblical commentaries of Jerome, Augustine, and Gregory, the lives of the church fathers, and the theological works of Cassiodorus, Augustine, Eusebius, Orosius, and Boethius, reflecting her presumed facility with literary Latin.
25.4 and Orosius 7.6.15-16), which may mean that the first Christian missionaries had arrived in Rome by 49 (on all the issues, Smallwood 1981:210-216).