Paulus Orosius

(redirected from Orosius)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Orosius, Paulus


Born circa 380; died 420. Roman historian.

Of Spanish descent, Orosius was a priest and a follower of St. Augustine. His work Seven Books of Histories Against the Pagans, which encompasses events from ancient times until 417, was written upon Augustine’s suggestion in order to expose pagans and heretics. He attempted to prove that Christianity was the salvation of mankind and that the calamities that befell Rome in the early fifth century were retribution for evil deeds of previous centuries.

Orosius periodized world history into four “world kingdoms”: Babylonia, Macedonia, Carthage, and Rome. His work is a compilation of material from the chronicles of Eusebius of Caesarea, Sulpicius Severus, and pagan Roman authors. Of special interest are his books containing excerpts from nonextant works by Livy and Tacitus, and his books containing information on the Black Sea area of the first and second centuries B.C. that is not found in other sources. Orosius’ works were widely known in the Middle Ages.


Historiarum adversum paganos libri VII. Edited by C. Zangemeister. Leipzig, 1889.
In Russian translation:
Excerpts from Orosius’ work in Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1949, no. 4, pp. 263–64.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Dante's rationalization is analyzed through the context of the historical philosophical thought of writers such as Augustine, Gratian, Aquinas and Augustine's pupil, Orosius.
albicinctus Distant (thought to be similar to Orosius orientalis Matsumura); leafhopper vector of plant viruses and phytoplasmas, successfully transmitted the Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV).
The incidence of the disease ranged from 6 to 57 per cent and was characterized by small leaf, short internode, excessive auxillary proliferation and phyllody symptoms, phyllody disease on aster was first reported during 1988 from Bengaluru, India and known to be transmitted by Orosius albicinctus (Rangaswamy et al.
Many hundreds of pages are devoted to Appian of Alexandria, Orosius, Otto of Freising, Flavio Biondo, Pedro Mexia, James Harrington, Anquetil-Duperron, Antoine-Yves Goguet, Thomas Carte, and numerous others, to establish the context for Gibbon studies without actually studying Gibbon's relation to the context established.
Unlike his predecessor Ocampo, Morales got rid of the traditional scheme of universal history where the history of Spain was located within the Biblical and Christian frame of reference, created by Eusebius and Orosius, and firmly placed it within the context of Roman Empire's history (OSTENFELD-SUSKE 2012, p.
39/10,000 words in Anglo-Latin; 2) when the 'Other' category with underuse of 'Greek' (61 tokens/1,334,828 words) and the Old English Orosius, that deals explicitly with Greek history, with overuse of 'Greek' (76 tokens/51,110 words) are excluded from count, we get a total of 180 tokens and a total of 1.
Goscelin's reading list for Eve included the biblical commentaries of Jerome, Augustine, and Gregory, the lives of the church fathers, and the theological works of Cassiodorus, Augustine, Eusebius, Orosius, and Boethius, reflecting her presumed facility with literary Latin.
My hypothesis is furthermore supported by Orosius, who cannot be suspected of embracing apokatastasis, and who explicitly attributes this doctrine to Basil, as I argue in a separate article.
The Old English Orosius and The Dialogues and the Bede are also discussed.
23-24, the Old English text from Orosius is followed by a modern English version, but many others in Old English are left untranslated.
Judios, catolicos y herejes: El microcosmos balear y tarraconense de Seuerus de Menorca, Consentius y Orosius (413-421).
In the historical narratives, particularly in Orosius, we find instances of peak events reported in a sequence of clauses which depict an activity or state, i.